Network Averaging: a technique for determining a proxy for the dynamics of networks
The main aim of this paper is to introduce the network averaging technique. This technique is introduced because accurately determining the structure of real networks can be difficult and the network averaging technique provides a proxy for real networks. A second aim is to introduce the adaptive interactive expectations (AIE) model, which uses a ‘pressure to change profit expectations index’ to replace the utility curve maximising agent concept. The AIE model has an interactive expectations network, which is difficult to determine, so suitable to illustrate network averaging. The AIE model is tested against the Dun and Bradstreet Profit Expectations Survey. The paper finds network averaging improves the predictive performance of AIE over its benchmarks: the rational expectations hypothesis and the adaptive expectations model. The network averaging technique could be adapted to other situations where there are endogenous effects acting through difficult to measure networks. The AIE model could be readily applied to other forms of expectations and as a replacement for the utility curve maximising agent. Finally, in this paper AIE models profit expectations, which are an important issue in their own right because they affect investment decisions and whether one business will extend credit to another business.
|Date of creation:||06 Nov 2009|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany|
Web page: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
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- Eichberger, Jürgen & Kelsey, David & Schipper, Burkhard, 2007.
"Ambiguity and Social Interaction,"
Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications
07-19, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim;Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
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- Eichberger, Jürgen & Kelsey, David & Schipper, Burkhard, 2003. "Ambiguity and Social Interaction," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 03-30, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim;Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
- Eichberger, Jürgen & Kelsey, David & Schipper, Burkhard, 2007. "Ambiguity and social interaction," Papers 07-19, Sonderforschungsbreich 504.
- Juergen Eichberger & David Kelsey & Burkhard C. Schipper, 2003. "Ambiguity and Social Interaction," Bonn Econ Discussion Papers bgse23_2003, University of Bonn, Germany.
- Jürgen Eichberger & David Kelsey & Burkhard C. Schipper, 2007. "Ambiguity and Social Interaction," Working Papers 0443, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics, revised May 2007.
- Eichberger, Jürgen & Kelsey, David & Schipper, Burkhard, 2003. "Ambiguity and social interaction," Papers 03-30, Sonderforschungsbreich 504.
- Jurgen Eichberger & David Kelsey & Burkhard C. Schipper, 2005. "Ambiguity and Social Interaction," Discussion Papers 0504, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
- J. M. Keynes, 1937. "The General Theory of Employment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(2), pages 209-223.
- Mark Bowden & Stuart McDonald, 2006. "Social interaction, herd behaviour and the formation of agent expectations," Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 178, Society for Computational Economics.
- John Foster & Burkhard Flieth, 2002. "Interactive expectations," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 375-395.
- Herbert Dawid & Michael Neugart, 2011. "Agent-based Models for Economic Policy Design," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 37(1), pages 44-50.
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