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Commodity price changes and their impacts on poverty in developing countries: the Brazilian case

Author

Listed:
  • Azzoni, Carlos Roberto
  • Guilhoto, Joaquim José mantins
  • Haddad, Eduardo
  • Menezes, Tatiane
  • Silveira, Fernando
  • Hasegawa, Marcos

Abstract

The objective of the paper is to provide an estimative of the impacts that changes in international prices of agricultural commodities will have on income distribution and poverty in Brazil. To do so, a Social Accounting Matrix is constructed and applied, using a Leontief- Miyazawa type model framework. The SAM is defined for 40 products, being 17 raw agricultural products, 15 agricultural processed products, 3 industrial agricultural inputs, 2 other industrial products, trade, transport, and services. Households are allocated to 10 groups, being 6 agricultural (4 types of family farmers, commercial farmers, and agricultural labor), and 4 urban (income quartiles). Demand elasticities (price and income) for the products defined in the SAM are considered, as well as limitations on the supply of agricultural inputs. The knowledge of the possible impacts of changes in international commodity prices on income distribution and poverty is very important for policy design within developing countries. Given the estimated impacts on different groups of producers, different sorts of cushioning policies can be designed.

Suggested Citation

  • Azzoni, Carlos Roberto & Guilhoto, Joaquim José mantins & Haddad, Eduardo & Menezes, Tatiane & Silveira, Fernando & Hasegawa, Marcos, 2011. "Commodity price changes and their impacts on poverty in developing countries: the Brazilian case," MPRA Paper 37957, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:37957
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/37957/1/MPRA_paper_37957.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guilhoto, J. J. M. & Sesso Filho, U. A., 2005. "Estimação da Matriz Insumo-Produto a Partir De Dados Preliminares das Contas Nacionais
      [Estimation of input-output matrix using preliminary data from national accounts]
      ," MPRA Paper 38212, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Guilhoto, Joaquim José M. & Fonseca, Manuel Alcino R. Da, 1987. "Uma análise dos efeitos econômicos de estratégias setoriais," Revista Brasileira de Economia - RBE, FGV/EPGE - Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 41(1), January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Commodity price changes and their impacts on poverty in developing countries: the Brazilian case
      by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-04-26 01:04:00

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    Cited by:

    1. Moreira, Guilherme R.C. & Almeida, Leandro & Guilhoto, Joaquim M. & Azzoni, Carlos R., 2008. "Productive structure and income distribution: The Brazilian case," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 320-332, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Commodity Price; Brazil;

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models

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