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Household's access to and affordability of Electrcity during Reforms: A comparative study of Orissa and West Bengal


  • Siddiqui, Md Zakaria


Using India’s National Sample Survey data on consumption expenditure by households this paper examines how access to affordability of electricity services have fared under power sector reform programme that was pursued in the of State Orissa (India). To draw a comparative picture of Orissa with a state which did not follow the path of World Bank inspired restructuring of the power sector we use similar data for West Bengal (a proximate State to Orissa). Paper finds that increment in the access to electricity for the bottom 60 percent of the population has remained almost stagnant and the burden of electricity expenditure on the poor households has increased significantly. Compared to west Bengal much larger increase in the expenditure on electricity in Orissa by households having access to electricity clearly signifies that electricity reforms have led to considerable loss in the in consumers’ welfare. Paper uses concentration ratio method to elicit findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Siddiqui, Md Zakaria, 2005. "Household's access to and affordability of Electrcity during Reforms: A comparative study of Orissa and West Bengal," MPRA Paper 32059, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32059

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wagstaff, Adam & Paci, Pierella & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 1991. "On the measurement of inequalities in health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 545-557, January.
    2. Chattopadhyay, Pradip, 2004. "Cross-subsidy in electricity tariffs: evidence from India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 673-684, March.
    3. Antonio Estache & V. Foster & Q. Wodon, 2002. "Accounting for Poverty in Infrastructure Reform: Learning from Latin America's Experience," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/44108, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    More about this item


    Access; Affordabilty; Electricity; Reforms; Inequality; Concentration curve; Concentration Index;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities


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