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Wind power integration, negative prices and power system flexibility - An empirical analysis of extreme events in Germany

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  • Nicolosi, S.

Abstract

This article analyses the flexibility of the German power market with respect to the integration of an increasing share of electricity from renewable energy sources. Flexibility limiting system components, which cause negative prices are explained and illustrated for the German market. Then, the decision of the European Energy Exchange in Leipzig (EEX) to allow negative price bids is explained. Empirical data show the flexibility of conventional generating capacities in Germany during the considered time frame from October 2008 until November 2009. Of the 71 hours with negative spot prices, ten hours were significantly negative with prices of at least -100€/MWh. These extreme hours are analysed in greater detail by the examination of the different system components. Thereby, load, wind power infeed and conventional generation by fuel type are observed as well as the market for negative tertiary reserve as indicators for market tightness. It will be shown that although the market situations were severe, under current conditions it could have been much worse under certain circumstances. Furthermore, the long-run implications of an increasing RES-E share on the conventional generation capacity are discussed. The article concludes with an outlook on additional power system flexibility options.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolosi, S., 2010. "Wind power integration, negative prices and power system flexibility - An empirical analysis of extreme events in Germany," MPRA Paper 31834, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:31834
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/31834/1/MPRA_paper_31834.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Peeter Pikk & Marko Viiding, 2013. "The dangers of marginal cost based electricity pricing," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 13(1), pages 49-62, July.
    2. Chatzivasileiadis, Spyros & Ernst, Damien & Andersson, Göran, 2013. "The Global Grid," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 372-383.
    3. Ketterer, Janina C., 2014. "The impact of wind power generation on the electricity price in Germany," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 270-280.
    4. Dominique Finon & Fabien Roques, 2013. "European Electricity Market Reforms: The "Visible Hand" of Public Coordination," Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 2).
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13147 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Florian Kuhnlenz & Pedro H. J. Nardelli & Santtu Karhinen & Rauli Svento, 2017. "Implementing Flexible Demand: Real-time Price vs. Market Integration," Papers 1709.02667, arXiv.org, revised Feb 2018.
    7. de Menezes, Lilian M. & Houllier, Melanie A., 2015. "Germany's nuclear power plant closures and the integration of electricity markets in Europe," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 357-368.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Electricity markets; negative prices; renewable electricity integration; wind power;

    JEL classification:

    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • D41 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Perfect Competition
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities

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