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FDI Effects of ASEAN Integration

  • Cheong, David
  • Plummer, Michael

For the past two decades, ASEAN Member States have pursued intra-regional market liberalization in order to provide more flexibility to multinationals and therefore promote the region as a competitive production platform. Attracting FDI has been a key objective of this regional project. This paper describes and analyzes recent trends in FDI to and among ASEAN countries, mainly comparing FDI patterns before and after the Asian Crisis, to characterize and assess the region‟s strategies to liberalize and facilitate investment. We find that FDI flows to ASEAN countries suffered after the Asian Crisis but have picked up since 2005. Moreover, ASEAN FDI is dominated by Singapore. In addition, the sectoral distribution of FDI has changed in some members of ASEAN (i.e., Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand) but not in others. We also perform an econometric analysis of the determinants of FDI to check for ASEAN-specific changes in FDI in the post-Crisis period. Our results, after controlling for a host of factors, indicate that ASEAN countries suffered a fall in total FDI but experienced an increase in intra-regional FDI after 1998. Moreover, we do not find any significant impact of FDI in China on ASEAN FDI.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/26004/1/MPRA_paper_26004.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26004.

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Date of creation: 13 Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26004
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  1. Chantasasawat, Busakorn & Fung, K. C. & Iizaka, Hitomi, 2005. "The Giant Sucking Sound: Is China Diverting Foreign Direct Investments from Other Asian Economies?," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt26414163, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
  2. Choi, E. Kwan & Harrigan, James, 2003. "Handbook of International Trade," Staff General Research Papers 11375, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  3. Bruce A. Blonigen & Miao Wang, 2004. "Inappropriate Pooling of Wealthy and Poor Countries in Empirical FDI Studies," NBER Working Papers 10378, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. M Ayhan Kose & Eswar Prasad & Kenneth Rogoff & Shang-Jin Wei, 2009. "Financial Globalization: A Reappraisal," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 56(1), pages 8-62, April.
  5. Baltagi, Badi H. & Egger, Peter & Pfaffermayr, Michael, 2007. "Estimating models of complex FDI: Are there third-country effects?," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 140(1), pages 260-281, September.
  6. Michael G. Plummer & Chung H. Lee, 2004. "Economic Development in China and Its Implications for East Asia," Working Papers 200411, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  7. Chung H. Lee, 2004. "Economic Development in China and Its Implications for East Asia," Working Papers 200412, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  8. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, June.
  9. James R. Markusen, 1995. "The Boundaries of Multinational Enterprises and the Theory of International Trade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 169-189, Spring.
  10. Robert E. Lipsey, 2001. "Foreign Direct Investment and the Operations of Multinational Firms: Concepts, History, and Data," NBER Working Papers 8665, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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