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Measuring trade efficiency


  • Halkos, George
  • Tzeremes, Nickolaos


In this paper we use the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) window method to compare trade efficiency for 16 OECD countries and for the time period 1996–2000. From the analysis we obtained the efficiency scores and the optimal output levels for inefficient countries for all years under consideration. Results drawn from the broadly used ratio analysis were also compared to those derived from the DEA model. It seems that trade efficient countries have clear characteristics. These are the low exchange rates for exports, low R&D intensity, high value intra industry trade, and with positive effect of trade on their GDP.

Suggested Citation

  • Halkos, George & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2005. "Measuring trade efficiency," MPRA Paper 23761, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:23761

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    2. Mette Asmild & Joseph Paradi & Vanita Aggarwall & Claire Schaffnit, 2004. "Combining DEA Window Analysis with the Malmquist Index Approach in a Study of the Canadian Banking Industry," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 21(1), pages 67-89, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Androutsou, Lorena & Metaxas, Theodore, 2018. "Measuring the effeciency of medical tourism industry in EU members states," MPRA Paper 92461, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item


    DEA; development; OECD countries; trade efficiency; window analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • C60 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - General


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