A neo-Ricardian critique of the traditional static theory of trade, customs unions and common markets
The vast majority of meaningful discussions about the processes of economic integration and liberalization of trade have so far revolved around the neoclassical theory. This paper is based on the neo-Ricardian theory, briefly investigates the issues of free trade, customs unions and common markets, and shows that the relevant neoclassical propositions do not hold and/or make no sense in a world ‘of production of commodities by means of commodities’. Thus, the fundamental theoretical presuppositions of the aforesaid debate are called in question.
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