Microfinance and Moneylender Interest Rate: Evidence from Bangladesh
The linkage between the formal and informal credit markets has long been of great interest to development economists. This paper addresses one important aspect of the linkage by empirically investigating the impact of the microfinance program expansion on the moneylender interest rates in Bangladesh, and finds that moneylender interest rates increase with microfinance program expansion. MFI program expansion increases moneylender interest rates in the villages in which more loans are invested in productive economic activities than consumption. Borrowers resort to moneylenders for additional funds because of inadequate supply, unavailability of seasonal working capital from MFIs, and tight repayment schedule, which in turn increases demand for moneylender loans.
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