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Population, Forest Degradation and Environment: A Nexus


  • Das, Nimai
  • Sarker, Debnarayan


In order to examine the trend and impact of relationship between growth of forest resource and population in West Bengal, a province of India, in the time series data for every ten-year from 1901-1991 this study suggests that the increase of population to forest land in West Bengal is alarming, because the ability of the forest to satisfy the demands is limited by the extent of forest resource of the state. The increasing population in West Bengal makes a negative impact on the forest. Though this impact is not highly significant at present, the long run relationship between density of population and forest area leads to substantial damage of the forest resource causing acute environmental problem of the state in future. Similarly, soil erosion, which is the only natural factor to damage forest resource in West Bengal, has some significant effect, though not highly. Keeping in view of such problems community forest management programme like social forestry or joint forest management seems to a positive step for protecting environmental problem.

Suggested Citation

  • Das, Nimai & Sarker, Debnarayan, 2001. "Population, Forest Degradation and Environment: A Nexus," MPRA Paper 15161, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15161

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    Cited by:

    1. Das, Nimai, 2009. "Understanding of Social Capital in Gender-based Participatory JFM Programme: An Evidence from West Bengal," MPRA Paper 15304, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Das, Nimai, 2009. "Can Joint Forest Management Programme Sustain Rural Life: A Livelihood Analysis from Community-based Forest Management Groups," MPRA Paper 15305, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Bengal forest resource; population pressure on environmental resource; Soil erosion; Distributed lag model; Time series econometrics;

    JEL classification:

    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes


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