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Optimal Spatial Patterns of Two, Three and Four Segregated Household Groups in a Monocentric City

Author

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  • Wolfgang Wagner

Abstract

Usually, in monocentric city models the spatial patterns of segregated household groups are assumed to be ring-shaped, while early in the 1930ies Hoyt showed that wedge-shaped areas empirically predominate. This contribution presents a monocentric city model with different household groups generating positive externalities within the groups. At first, border length is founded as a criterion of optimality. Secondly, it is shown that mixed patterns of concentric and wedge-shaped areas represent multiple equilibria if more than two groups of households are being considered. The welfare optimal segregated pattern depends on the relative purchasing power of different household groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Wolfgang Wagner, 2004. "Optimal Spatial Patterns of Two, Three and Four Segregated Household Groups in a Monocentric City," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 70, Universität Potsdam, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  • Handle: RePEc:pot:vwldis:70
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    File URL: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:kobv:517-opus-14165
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rose-Ackerman, Susan, 1975. "Racism and urban structure," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 85-103, January.
    2. Roland Benabou, 1993. "Workings of a City: Location, Education, and Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 619-652.
    3. Miyao, Takahiro & Shapiro, Perry & Knapp, David, 1980. "On the existence, uniqueness and stability of spatial equilibrium in an open city with externalities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 139-149, September.
    4. Wheaton, William C., 1974. "A comparative static analysis of urban spatial structure," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 223-237, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Verena L. Holzer, 2004. "Does the German Renewable Energies Act fulfil Sustainable Development Objectives?," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 73, Universität Potsdam, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    2. Klaus Schöler, 2007. "Gibt es eine optimale Stadtgröße?," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 89, Universität Potsdam, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monocentric city; segregation; spatial pattern; externalities;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets

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