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Economia informal e exclusão social

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  • Óscar Afonso

    () (University of Porto, CEF.UP and OBEGEF)

  • Nuno Gonçalves

    (University of Porto, CEF.UP and OBEGEF)

  • Hélder Ferreira

    (EAPN-Portugal)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the accounting and legal basis that justify the application of presumptions in the taxation corporate income. The connection between errors on recording transactions by the financial accounting system and the use of presumptions by tax authorities will be highlighted. The paper contributes to the literature by offering a systematic analysis of the criteria used by Portuguese tax courts to decide when accounting data can be disregarded by tax authorities and presumptions can therefore be used as a tax computation tool. Given that the general rule is to base taxable income on accounting records (albeit with adjustments established in Corporate Income Tax Code) presumptions are a striking exception to this well established rule. As such, tax researchers, tax authorities and taxpayers have a significant interest in knowing how do courts validate or deny tax authorities’ approach when using presumptions.

Suggested Citation

  • Óscar Afonso & Nuno Gonçalves & Hélder Ferreira, 2015. "Economia informal e exclusão social," OBEGEF Working Papers 038, OBEGEF - Observatório de Economia e Gestão de Fraude;OBEGEF Working Papers on Fraud and Corruption.
  • Handle: RePEc:por:obegef:038
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    File URL: http://www.fep.up.pt/repec/por/obegef/files/wp038.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Frey, Bruno S. & Weck-Hanneman, Hannelore, 1984. "The hidden economy as an 'unobserved' variable," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(1-2), pages 33-53.
    2. Buehn, Andreas & Schneider, Friedrich, 2008. "MIMIC Models, Cointegration and Error Correction: An Application to the French Shadow Economy," IZA Discussion Papers 3306, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Roberto Dell’Anno & Miguel Gómez-Antonio & Angel Alañon-Pardo, 2007. "The shadow economy in three Mediterranean countries: France, Spain and Greece. A MIMIC approach," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 197-197, July.
    4. Dominik Enste, 2010. "Regulation and shadow economy: empirical evidence for 25 OECD-countries," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 231-248, September.
    5. Arne Jon Isachsen & Steiner Strøm, 1985. "The Size And Growth Of The Hidden Economy In Norway," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 31(1), pages 21-38, March.
    6. Engle, Robert F. & Yoo, Byung Sam, 1987. "Forecasting and testing in co-integrated systems," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 143-159, May.
    7. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
    8. Trevor Breusch, 2005. "Estimating the Underground Economy using MIMIC Models," Econometrics 0507003, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Dec 2005.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Accounting errors; taxation and presumptions; financial fraud;

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