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A low cost supercritical Nuclear + Coal 3.0 Gwe power plant

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  • Pedro Cosme Costa Vieira

    () (Faculdade de Economia do Porto)

Abstract

The rapid growth in the consumption of electricity in China and India has been covered at 80% by coal, which has the side effect of emitting CO2 to the atmosphere. The alternative is the use of nuclear energy that, to become unquestionably competitive, must use supercritical water as coolant. The problem is that the inflow temperature of a supercritical turbine must be at least 500 ºC that is impossible to attain using the mainstream PWR and it is uneconomical to accomplish in a pressure tubes similar to the CANDU and the RBMK reactors. In this paper, I propose a simple but important innovation that is the coupling of the nuclear reactor to a coal fired heater. With this apparently small improvement, it becomes feasible to build a multi-tube slightly supercritical pressure light water reactor where the outflow low temperature of the nuclear reactor, ≤ 400 ºC, results in a simple nuclear reactor. The design I propose will originate a 50% decrease in the cost of the electricity produced using nuclear energy.

Suggested Citation

  • Pedro Cosme Costa Vieira, 2012. "A low cost supercritical Nuclear + Coal 3.0 Gwe power plant," FEP Working Papers 461, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  • Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:461
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    File URL: http://www.fep.up.pt/investigacao/workingpapers/wp461.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Duarte N. Leite & Sandra T. Silva & Oscar Afonso, 2014. "Institutions, Economics And The Development Quest," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 491-515, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andreea Stoian & Rui Henrique Alves, 2012. "Can EU high indebted countries manage to fulfill fiscal sustainability? Some evidence from the solvency constraint," FEP Working Papers 464, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    2. Abel L. Costa Fernandes & Paulo R. Mota, 2012. "Triffin’s Dilemma Again and the Efficient Level of U.S. Government Debt," FEP Working Papers 469, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    3. João Correia-da-Silva & Joana Pinho, 2012. "The profit-sharing rule that maximizes sustainability of cartel agreements," FEP Working Papers 463, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    4. Ricardo Biscaia & Paula Sarmento, 2012. "Cost inefficiency and Optimal Market Structure in Spatial Cournot Discrimination," FEP Working Papers 462, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Electricity production; Supercritical water reactor; Nuclear energy; Coal fired plant; Multi-tube reactor; SCWR;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling

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