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Uncertain delivery in markets for lemons

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  • Joao Correia-da-Silva

    () (CEMPRE and Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)

Abstract

The notion of uncertain delivery is extended to study exchange economies in which agents have different abilities to distinguish between goods (for example a car in good condition versus a car in bad condition). In this setting, it is useful to distinguish goods not only by their physical characteristics,but also by the agent that is bringing them to the market. Equilibrium is shown to exist, and characterized by the fact that agents always receive the cheapest bundle among those that they cannot distinguish from truthful delivery. Several examples are presented as an illustration.

Suggested Citation

  • Joao Correia-da-Silva, 2009. "Uncertain delivery in markets for lemons," FEP Working Papers 310, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  • Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:310
    as

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    File URL: http://www.fep.up.pt/investigacao/workingpapers/09.01.26_wp310.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. McKenzie, Lionel W, 1981. "The Classical Theorem on Existence of Competitive Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 819-841, June.
    2. Joao Correia-da-Silva & Carlos Herves-Beloso, 2008. "General equilibrium with private state verification," Levine's Working Paper Archive 814577000000000024, David K. Levine.
    3. Alberto Bisin & Piero Gottardi, 2006. "Efficient Competitive Equilibria with Adverse Selection," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(3), pages 485-516, June.
    4. Bisin, Alberto & Gottardi, Piero, 1999. "Competitive Equilibria with Asymmetric Information," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 1-48, July.
    5. MINELLI, Enrico & POLEMARCHAKIS, Heracles, 1999. "Nash-Walras equilibria of a large economy," CORE Discussion Papers 1999043, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    6. Douglas Gale, 1992. "A Walrasian Theory of Markets with Adverse Selection," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 59(2), pages 229-255.
    7. João Correia-da-Silva & Carlos Hervés-Beloso, 2009. "Prudent expectations equilibrium in economies with uncertain delivery," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 39(1), pages 67-92, April.
    8. Gale, Douglas, 1996. "Equilibria and Pareto Optima of Markets with Adverse Selection," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 7(2), pages 207-235, February.
    9. Aldo Rustichini & Paolo Siconolfi, 2008. "General equilibrium in economies with adverse selection," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 37(1), pages 1-29, October.
    10. Prescott, Edward C & Townsend, Robert M, 1984. "Pareto Optima and Competitive Equilibria with Adverse Selection and Moral Hazard," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(1), pages 21-45, January.
    11. Pradeep Dubey & John Geanakoplos & Martin Shubik, 2005. "Default and Punishment in General Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(1), pages 1-37, January.
    12. George A. Akerlof, 1970. "The Market for "Lemons": Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 84(3), pages 488-500.
    13. Correia-da-Silva, João & Hervés-Beloso, Carlos, 2008. "Subjective expectations equilibrium in economies with uncertain delivery," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(7-8), pages 641-650, July.
    14. Prescott, Edward C & Townsend, Robert M, 1984. "General Competitive Analysis in an Economy with Private Information," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 25(1), pages 1-20, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    General equilibrium; Asymmetric information; Adverse selection; Uncertain delivery; Pool; Delivery rates;

    JEL classification:

    • C62 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium
    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • D51 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Exchange and Production Economies
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design

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