Cost Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Sitio and Household Electrification Programs
The Sitio Electrification Program (SEP) and the Household Electrification Program (HEP) are two ongoing rural electrification programs of the government. To assist the Department of Budget and Management in implementing its zero-based budgeting approach, we assessed the 2011 SEP and HEP implementation. Using benchmarking for the efficiency and effectiveness assessment of program implementation, we find that the programs were able to achieve their 2011 targets and at reasonable costs. Using an econometric regression for studying the poverty reduction impacts of rural electrification in the Philippines, we also find evidence of a positive relationship between rural electrification and poverty reduction. However, in order to meet the national electrification targets, the SEP and HEP implementation designs need to be improved. The SEP targeting system can be improved by using households as the ultimate basis for setting targets and then using the sitios as location identifiers for the household connections being targeted. Monitoring SEP and HEP accomplishments can be improved by including household dwelling units connected and households served in field reports. The social preparation component can also be strengthened by specifically identifying what constrains the households from connecting despite the presence of subsidies and then addressing the constraints in the program design. Prioritization can also be improved by giving importance to the presence of local enterprises that can raise economic activities and employment when prioritizing areas to be assisted. The Expanded Rural Electrification Team should also be re-activated, but it should have a streamlined setup and the responsibilities of members should be assigned to positions in offices rather than to specific officials (so that the performance of duties can be sustained even after the officials have left). Lastly, given that the 2012 experience in the accelerated implementation of the SEP raises red flags on the absorptive capacity of the National Electric Administration and the electric cooperatives, decisionmakers may have to downscale the annual targets to more realistic levels and extend the implementation period to a more realistic duration.
|Date of creation:||2013|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: NEDA sa Makati Building, 106 Amorsolo St., Legaspi Village, Makati City,|
Web page: http://www.pids.gov.ph/
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Silva, Diego & Nakata, Toshihiko, 2009. "Multi-objective assessment of rural electrification in remote areas with poverty considerations," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 3096-3108, August.
- Bensch, Gunther & Kluve, Jochen & Peters, Jörg, 2010. "Rural Electrification in Rwanda – An Impact Assessment Using Matching Techniques," Ruhr Economic Papers 231, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI), Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2013-32. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Aniceto Orbeta)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.