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Road accidents and tourism: the case of the Balearic Islands (Spain)

Author

Listed:
  • Jaume Rosselló Nadal

    () (Centre de Recerca Econòmica (UIB · Sa Nostra))

  • Óscar Saenz-de-Miera

    () (Balearic Islands University)

Abstract

The increase of tourist activity for many destinations and their increased mobility within host countries has implied a rise in tourism associated externalities with vehicle crashes being the most common cause of injury for tourists. Within the transport literature, the number and variations in the amount of accidents has been related to a large set of determining variables, including weather conditions, socio-economic characteristics, exposure, physical characteristics of the road and a variety of dummies which try to capture effects such as safety laws and seasonal variations. However, the presence of tourism has been neglected. Using the case study of the Balearic Islands, the present study estimates the role of tourism in determining the number of accidents on a daily context, using the set of variables suggested by the literature and incorporating a daily measure for the stock of tourists at a host destination. Results show how tourism can be associated to a significant amount of the accidents that take place in the Balearics.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaume Rosselló Nadal & Óscar Saenz-de-Miera, 2009. "Road accidents and tourism: the case of the Balearic Islands (Spain)," CRE Working Papers (Documents de treball del CRE) 2009/4, Centre de Recerca Econòmica (UIB ·"Sa Nostra").
  • Handle: RePEc:pdm:wpaper:2009/4
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2008. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9787111235767, May.
    2. Dionne, G. & Desjardins, D. & Laberge-Nadeau, C. & Maag, U., 1993. "Medical Conditions, Risk Exposure and Truck Drivers's Accidents: An Analysis with Count Data Regression Models," Cahiers de recherche 9321, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    3. Garcia-Ferrer, A. & de Juan, A. & Poncela, P., 2006. "Forecasting traffic accidents using disaggregated data," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 203-222.
    4. Gourieroux, Christian & Monfort, Alain & Trognon, Alain, 1984. "Pseudo Maximum Likelihood Methods: Applications to Poisson Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 701-720, May.
    5. Gunnar Lindberg, 2001. "Traffic Insurance and Accident Externality Charges," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, University of Bath, vol. 35(3), pages 399-416, September.
    6. Cameron, A. Colin & Trivedi, Pravin K., 1990. "Regression-based tests for overdispersion in the Poisson model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 347-364, December.
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    Keywords

    Externalities; Road accidents; Count data models; Daily data; Tourism;

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