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Envejeciendo desigualmente en América Latina


  • Javier Olivera

    (Departamento de Economía de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.)


Esta investigación estudia el bienestar de los adultos mayores desde una perspectiva multidimensional en 18 países de América Latina. Para ello se estima un índice de envejecimiento activo para cada individuo y se analiza su distribución en cada país. Esta estrategia permite medir la desigualdad en la calidad del envejecimiento, así como también permite considerar diferentes juicios de valor en la evaluación global de la calidad de vida durante el envejecimiento. De esto modo, se puede dar luces sobre las discrepancias en la calidad del envejecimiento dentro de los países y entre países. También se analizan los factores asociados al grado de desigualdad en la calidad del envejecimiento a partir de regresiones de funciones de influencia (RIF regressions) y se encuentra que una mayor proporción de población adulta mayor con educación secundaria o con acceso a infraestructura y servicios públicos reduce los niveles de desigualdad en la calidad del envejecimiento. JEL Classification-JE: H55, I14, I31, J14.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Olivera, 2023. "Envejeciendo desigualmente en América Latina," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2023-521, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00521
    DOI: 10.18800/2079-8474.0521

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David M. Cutler & Adriana Lleras-Muney, 2012. "Education and Health: Insights from International Comparisons," NBER Working Papers 17738, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Koen Decancq & María Ana Lugo, 2013. "Weights in Multidimensional Indices of Wellbeing: An Overview," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(1), pages 7-34, January.
    3. Dwayne Benjamin & Loren Brandt & Jia-Zhueng Fan, 2003. "Ceaseless Toil? Health and Labor Supply of the Elderly in Rural China," Working Papers benjamin-03-01, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    4. Cutler, David M. & Lleras-Muney, Adriana, 2010. "Understanding differences in health behaviors by education," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 1-28, January.
    5. Alkire, Sabina & Foster, James, 2011. "Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 476-487.
    6. Noelia Bernal & Javier Olivera & Marc Suhrcke, 2022. "Assessing heterogeneity in the health effects of social pensions among the poor elderly: evidence from Peru," LISER Working Paper Series 2022-01, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER).
    7. Donaldson, David & Weymark, John A., 1980. "A single-parameter generalization of the Gini indices of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 67-86, February.
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    More about this item


    América Latina; Bienestar; Desigualdad; Envejecimiento activo; Vejez.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination


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