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Regulatory Reform in Road Freight and Retail Distribution

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  • Olivier Boylaud

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyse regulatory developments in the road freight and retail distribution industries of OECD Member countries. For each industry, the analysis is divided into four parts. First, structural developments in the industry are outlined. Second, the main features of the regulatory framework are reviewed. The third part compares regulatory approaches on the basis of quantitative indicators of the degree of restrictions placed on market mechanisms. The last part summarises the main outcomes of regulatory reform. The data on regulation and market structure are taken primarily from the OECD International Regulation Database.The main findings of the analysis are the following: Both industries are currently undergoing sweeping changes, with, in particular, the rapid growth of new forms of competition;The pace and scale of liberalisation vary widely from one country and one industry to another, and in many countries there are still regulatory impediments to ... L’objet de ce document est d’analyser l’évolution du cadre réglementaire dans les pays membres de l’OCDE pour le secteur du transport routier de marchandises et pour le secteur du commerce de détail. Pour chacun des secteurs, l’analyse s’articule en quatre parties. La première partie présente l’évolution de la structure du secteur dans les différents pays Membres de l’OCDE. La seconde partie s’intéresse aux principales caractéristiques du cadre réglementaire. La troisième partie propose de comparer les approches réglementaires à partir d’indicateurs quantitatifs exprimant le degré de restrictions imposé aux mécanismes de marché. La quatrième partie présente les principaux résultats de la réforme de la réglementation. Les données sur la réglementation et la structure de marché sont pour la plupart issues de la Base de Données Internationale de l’OCDE sur la réglementation.Les principaux résultats de l’analyse sont les suivants : Les deux secteurs connaissent actuellement de profondes ...

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Boylaud, 2000. "Regulatory Reform in Road Freight and Retail Distribution," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 255, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:255-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/254485547873
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    Cited by:

    1. Kugler, Adriana & Pica, Giovanni, 2003. "Effects of Employment Protection and Product Market Regulations on the Italian Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 948, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Joseph Francois & Ian Wooton, 2010. "Market Structure and Market Access," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(7), pages 873-893, July.
    3. Aydin Celen & Tarkan Erdogan & Tarkan Erdogan, 2005. "Fast Moving Consumer Goods: Competitive Conditions and Policies," ERC Working Papers 0503, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Jun 2005.
    4. Kugler, Adriana & Pica, Giovanni, 2003. "The effects of employment protection and product market regulations on the Italian labor market," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 0310, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    5. Justo de Jorge & Cristina Suarez, 2007. "Efficiency Measures For Spanish Retailing Firms In A Regulated Market," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 32(1), pages 35-47, June.
    6. David Sondermann, 2014. "Productivity in the euro area: any evidence of convergence?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 999-1027, November.
    7. Marcel Canoy & Peter Smith, 2008. "Services and the Single Market," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 319-347, December.
    8. Joseph Francois & Ian Wooton, 2004. "Market Structure in Services and Market Access in Goods," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-050/2, Tinbergen Institute.
    9. Olivier Blanchard, 2004. "The Economic Future of Europe," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 3-26, Fall.
    10. Ad van Riet & Moreno Roma, 2006. "Competition, productivity and prices in the euro area services sector," Occasional Paper Series 44, European Central Bank.
    11. Harold Creusen & Björn Vroomen & Henry van der Wiel & Fred Kuypers, 2006. "Dutch retail trade on the rise? Relation between competition, innovation and productivity," CPB Document 137, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    12. Eliana Viviano & Luciana Aimone Gigio & Emanuela Ciapanna & Daniele Coin & Fabrizio Colonna & Federica Lagna & Raffaele Santioni, 2012. "The retail trade sector and the food industry in Italy," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 119, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    13. Francine Lafontaine & Laura Malaguzzi Valeri, 2009. "The deregulation of international trucking in the European Union: form and effect," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 19-44, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    collecte de données; commerce de détail; data collection; liberalisation; libéralisation; regulation; retail trade; road freight; réglementation; transport routier de marchandises;

    JEL classification:

    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • K23 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce
    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation

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