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Poverty Dynamics in Four OECD Countries

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  • Pablo Antolín
  • Thai-Thanh Dang
  • Howard Oxley

Abstract

This study examines the dynamics of poverty for four OECD countries (Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States). It provides information on patterns of poverty, which groups stay in poverty the longest, and household/individual characteristics and life-course events which appear to be most closely associated with transitions into and out of poverty and the length of time individuals stay in poverty. The analysis finds that the number of people touched by poverty over a six year period is significantly larger that the poverty rate might suggest, but the share of those staying poor for a long time is much smaller. The data suggest that longer-term poor are concentrated among women, lone parents and older single individuals. The study finds that employment status is the main factor affecting transitions into and out of poverty and the duration of poverty ... Cette étude examine la dynamique de la pauvreté dans quatre pays de l’OCDE (Canada, Allemagne, Royaume Unis et États Unis). Elle fournit des informations détaillées sur la structure de la pauvreté, les groupes qui se trouvent dans la pauvreté de longue durée, les caractéristiques des ménages/ individus et les événements étroitement associés aux périodes de transitions ainsi que la longueur des périodes de pauvreté. Le nombre d’individus touchés au moins une fois par la pauvreté au cours des 6 dernières années est plus important que ne le suggèrent les taux de pauvretés statiques. En revanche, les individus subissant un état de pauvreté persistante s’avèrent être moins nombreux. Les données montrent que les femmes, les familles monoparentales et les retraités vivant seuls sont plus fortement concentrés dans la pauvreté de longue durée. Enfin, parmi les facteurs analysés, l’emploi et ses changements apparaissent comme déterminant sur les mouvements d’entrée et de sortie ainsi que ...

Suggested Citation

  • Pablo Antolín & Thai-Thanh Dang & Howard Oxley, 1999. "Poverty Dynamics in Four OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 212, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:212-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/578476770227
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas, Anne-Claire & Gaspart, Frédéric, 2015. "Does Poverty Trap Rural Malagasy Households?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 490-505.
    2. Richard V. Burkhauser & Timothy M. Smeeding, 2000. "Microdata Panel Data and Public Policy: National and Cross-National Perspectives," Center for Policy Research Working Papers 23, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
    3. Matthew Lindquist & Gabriella Sjögren Lindquist, 2012. "The dynamics of child poverty in Sweden," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 25(4), pages 1423-1450, October.
    4. Eirini Andriopoulou & Panagiotis Tsakloglou, "undated". "The determinants of poverty transitions in Europe and the role of duration dependence," DEOS Working Papers 1119, Athens University of Economics and Business.
    5. J.-P. Zoyem, 2002. "Low Income Dynamics: Analyzing poverty exits and entries," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2002-11, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
    6. Marjan, MAES, 2008. "Poverty persistence among Belgian elderly in the transition from work to retirement : an empirical analysis," Discussion Papers (ECON - Département des Sciences Economiques) 2008042, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
    7. Patrick Webb, 2002. "The Dynamics of Food, Nutrition and Poverty in SE Asia," Working Papers in Food Policy and Nutrition 09, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.
    8. Connie Bayudan-Dacuycuy, 2013. "The Influence of Living with Parents on Women's Decision-Making Participation in the Household: Evidence from the Southern Philippines," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(5), pages 641-656, May.
    9. Maes, Marjan, 2008. "Poverty persistence among Belgian elderly: true or spurious?," ISER Working Paper Series 2008-24, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    10. Disney, Richard & Whitehouse, Edward, 2001. "Cross-country comparisons of pensioners’ incomes," MPRA Paper 16345, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Whitehouse, Edward, 2000. "How poor are the old? a survey of evidence from 44 countries," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 23141, The World Bank.
    12. Polin, Veronica & Raitano, Michele, 2009. "Dimensione e dinamica della povertà nell’Unione Europea dopo l’allargamento: un’analisi comparata delle determinanti dei movimenti delle famiglie
      [Poverty and inequality dynamics in the enlarged Eu
      ," MPRA Paper 25567, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Bruckmeier, Kerstin & Wiemers, Jürgen, 2011. "A new targeting - a new take-up? : non-take-up of social assistance in Germany after social policy reforms," IAB Discussion Paper 201110, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    14. John Sender, 2000. "Struggles To Escape Poverty In South Africa: Results From A Purposive Rural Survey," Working Papers 107, Department of Economics, SOAS, University of London, UK.
    15. Richard V. Burkhauser, 2001. "What Policymakers Need to Know about Poverty Dynamics," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 757-759.
    16. Bigsten, Arne & Shimeles, Abebe, 2008. "Poverty Transition and Persistence in Ethiopia: 1994-2004," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 1559-1584, September.
    17. Bigsten, Arne & Shimeles, Abebe, 2004. "Dynamics of Poverty in Ethiopia," WIDER Working Paper Series 039, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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