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Input-Based Pollution Estimates for Environmental Assessment in Developing Countries

Listed author(s):
  • Sébastien Dessus
  • David Roland-Holst
  • Dominique van der Mensbrugghe

The practice of environmental regulation and assessment in developing countries faces many special challenges. Apart from popular misconceptions about negative links between environmentalism and economic growth, there are numerous practical limitations to appraising environmental conditions and implementing policies that conserve or improve them. These include weak institutional capacity or discipline, high monitoring and administrative costs for individual programs, and limited local engineering information. Institutional constraints mean that first-best policies like direct pollution monitoring and regulation may not be feasible. Even market-based systems like tradable pollution permits usually require initial assessment and monitoring which is too costly or complex to be supported locally. Detailed data on pollution do exist for OECD countries, however, and this paper attempts to render this information more usable to environmental analysts in countries where direct sampling has not ... Dans les pays en développement, la mise en oeuvre de la réglementation sur l'environnement et l'estimation des coûts sont loin d’être évidentes. Outre l’idée fausse et très répandue de liens négatifs entre la croissance économique et l'environnement, il existe de nombreuses autres barrières à l’évaluation de l'état de l'environnement et à l'application de mesures de protection et d'amélioration. Parmi ces barrières, on peut citer la faiblesse du cadre institutionnel et de la discipline, le coût élevé des contrôles et de la gestion administrative des programmes individuels et le peu d'information sur ces ressources technologiques locales. Les contraintes institutionnelles peuvent entraver l'application des politiques considérées comme les meilleures, comme le contrôle et la réglementation directs de la pollution. Même des systèmes fondés sur les lois du marché, comme les permis de polluer négociables, nécessitent évaluation et contrôle au départ, démarches trop coûteuses et ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 101.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 1994
Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:101-en
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