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Growing Pains: New Zealand Qualitative Evidence on Hurdles to Exporting Growth

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Abstract

This paper surveys qualitative evidence with the aim of identifying consistent issues surrounding the growth of New Zealand firms. The available literature is focussed on exporters and raises the possibility of two “hurdles” to growth for New Zealand firms. The first is the fixed-cost hurdle to entering exporting. The second is the hurdle of establishing the offshore distribution channels required for continued growth. While the evidence for these hurdles is far from conclusive, their existence is consistent with many of the available case studies. The hurdle to ongoing growth may explain why so many promising New Zealand companies are sold to foreign firms in the same industry. Overseas ownership by a firm in the same industry often solves the distribution problems of many small New Zealand firms and allows growth to continue. The outcome of overseas ownership is therefore not necessarily bad for New Zealand. The case study evidence suggests many plausible causes of these hurdles. These include New Zealand’s small market size and distant location and the fluctuating exchange rate. While the evidence on capital markets is mixed, case studies suggest a possible lack of specialised expertise on the part of New Zealand’s small venture capital industry may also be a hurdle to growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Geoff Simmons, 2002. "Growing Pains: New Zealand Qualitative Evidence on Hurdles to Exporting Growth," Treasury Working Paper Series 02/10, New Zealand Treasury.
  • Handle: RePEc:nzt:nztwps:02/10
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    File URL: http://www.treasury.govt.nz/publications/research-policy/wp/2002/02-10/twp02-10.pdf
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    1. Richard Baldwin & Paul Krugman, 1989. "Persistent Trade Effects of Large Exchange Rate Shocks," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(4), pages 635-654.
    2. Davide Castellani, 2002. "Export behavior and productivity growth: Evidence from Italian manufacturing firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 138(4), pages 605-628, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Richard Fabling & Lynda Sanderson, 2010. "Entrepreneurship and aggregate merchandise trade growth in New Zealand," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 182-199, June.
    2. Richard Fabling & Lynda Sanderson, 2014. "Foreign acquisition and the performance of New Zealand firms," New Zealand Economic Papers, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(1), pages 1-20, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Patterns of Firm Growth; Exporting;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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