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Exchange-Rate Misalignments in Duopoly: the Case of Airbus and Boeing

Author

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  • Agnès Bénassy-Quéré
  • Lionel Fontagné
  • Horst Raff

Abstract

We examine the effect of exchange-rate misalignments on competition in the market for large commercial aircraft. This market is a duopoly where players compete in dollar-denominated prices while one of them, Airbus, incurs costs mostly in euros. We construct and calibrate a simulation model to investigate how companies adjust their prices to deal with the effects of a temporary misalignment, and how this affects profit margins and volumes. We also explore the effects on the long-run dynamics of competition. We conclude that, due to the duopolistic nature of the aircraft market, Airbus will pass only a small part of the exchange-rate fluctuations on to customers through higher prices. Moreover, due to features specific to the aircraft industry, such as customer switching costs and learning-by-doing, even a temporary departure of the exchange rate from its long-run equilibrium level may have permanent effects on the industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Lionel Fontagné & Horst Raff, 2009. "Exchange-Rate Misalignments in Duopoly: the Case of Airbus and Boeing," Working Papers 2009-10, CEPII research center.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepidt:2009-10
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Candau, Fabien & Rey, Serge, 2014. "The effect of the euro on aeronautic trade: A French regional analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 345-355.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange-rate pass-through; duopoly; aircraft industry;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L62 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment; Related Parts and Equipment

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