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The impacts of a community forestry program on forest conditions, management intensity and revenue generation in the Dang district of Nepal

Author

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  • Narayan Raj Poudel

    (Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies, Waseda University)

  • Nobuhiko Fuwa

    (Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies, Waseda University)

  • Keijiro Otsuka

    (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)

Abstract

A growing literature documents the positive impact of community management on non-timber forest conservation, but not on the management of timber forests which require higher management intensity than do non-timber forests. We find in Nepal that better market access encourages felling of mature timber trees before but not after the community management began and that population pressure leads to deforestation, which would have taken place under government management, but encourages forest management in recent years under community management. Longer period of community management is found to be associated with the higher density of larger trees, indicating that the community management facilitates rehabilitation of timber forests.

Suggested Citation

  • Narayan Raj Poudel & Nobuhiko Fuwa & Keijiro Otsuka, 2014. "The impacts of a community forestry program on forest conditions, management intensity and revenue generation in the Dang district of Nepal," GRIPS Discussion Papers 13-24, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:ngi:dpaper:13-24
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gunnar Köhlin & Peter J. Parks, 2001. "Spatial Variability and Disincentives to Harvest: Deforestation and Fuelwood Collection in South Asia," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 77(2), pages 206-218.
    2. Baland, Jean-Marie & Bardhan, Pranab & Das, Sanghamitra & Mookherjee, Dilip, 2010. "Forests to the People: Decentralization and Forest Degradation in the Indian Himalayas," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 1642-1656, November.
    3. Agrawal, Arun & Chhatre, Ashwini, 2006. "Explaining success on the commons: Community forest governance in the Indian Himalaya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 149-166, January.
    4. Otsuka, Keijiro & Place, Frank (ed.), 2001. "Land tenure and natural resource management: A comparative study of agrarian communities in Asia and Africa," IFPRI books, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), number 0-8018-6747-9.
    5. Sakurai, Takeshi & Rayamajhi, Santosh & Pokharel, Ridish K. & Otsuka, Keijiro, 2004. "Efficiency of timber production in community and private forestry in Nepal," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(4), pages 539-561, August.
    6. Gerald C. Nelson & GVirginia Harris & Steven W. Stone, 2001. "Deforestation, Land Use, and Property Rights: Empirical Evidence from Darién, Panama," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 77(2), pages 187-205.
    7. Chakraborty, Rabindra Nath, 2001. "Stability and outcomes of common property institutions in forestry: evidence from the Terai region of Nepal," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 341-353, February.
    8. Kijima, Yoko & Sakurai, Takeshi & Otsuka, Keijiro, 2000. "Iriaichi: Collective versus Individualized Management of Community Forests in Postwar Japan," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(4), pages 866-886, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecolec:v:147:y:2018:i:c:p:62-73 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:forpol:v:108:y:2019:i:c:1 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Keijiro Otsuka & Ridish Pokharel, 2014. "In search of appropriate institutions for forest management," GRIPS Discussion Papers 13-25, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.

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