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New Estimates of the Average Tariff of the United States, 1790-1820

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  • Doulgas A. Irwin

Abstract

This paper presents new estimates of the average tariff on total and dutiable U.S. imports from 1790 to 1820. These previously unavailable series are comparable to the tariff figures available from 1821 in the Historical Statistics of the United States. These early tariffs were much lower, on average, than those imposed later in the nineteenth century. The paper stresses the importance of deducting drawbacks (tariff rebates on imported goods that are subsequently re-exported) from total customs revenue in calculating the average tariff and briefly examines the structure of tariffs across goods.

Suggested Citation

  • Doulgas A. Irwin, 2003. "New Estimates of the Average Tariff of the United States, 1790-1820," NBER Working Papers 9616, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:9616
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    File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w9616.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Goldin, Claudia D. & Lewis, Frank D., 1980. "The role of exports in American economic growth during the napoleonic wars, 1793 to 1807," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 6-25, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sebastian Galiani & Norman Schofield & Gustavo Torrens, 2014. "Factor Endowments, Democracy, and Trade Policy Divergence," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 16(1), pages 119-156, February.
    2. Douglas A. Irwin, 2010. "Revenue or Reciprocity? Founding Feuds over Early U.S. Trade Policy," NBER Chapters,in: Founding Choices: American Economic Policy in the 1790s, pages 89-120 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/670 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Accominotti, Olivier & Flandreau, Marc, 2005. "Does Bilateralism Promote Trade? Nineteenth Century Liberalization Revisited," CEPR Discussion Papers 5423, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Yilmaz Akyuz, 2005. "The WTO Negotiations on Industrial Tariffs: What is at Stake for Developing Countries?," Working Papers 2005/8, Turkish Economic Association.
    6. Douglas A. Irwin, 2008. "Antebellum Tariff Politics: Regional Coalitions and Shifting Economic Interests," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 51(4), pages 715-741, November.
    7. L. Rangasamy & Z. Blignaut, 2005. "How Exposed Is The South African Economy To International Trade?," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 73(3), pages 366-388, September.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • N7 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services

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