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Social Security and Retirement in Canada

  • Jonathan Gruber

Government transfers to older persons in Canada are one of the largest and fastest growing" components of the government budget. I provide an overview of the interaction between these" transfer programs and retirement behavior. I begin by documenting historical trends in labor force" participation and program receipt, and contemporaneous patterns of work and income receipt for the" current cohort of older persons. I then present an overview of the structure of this system of" Canadian transfer programs. Finally, I present results of a simulation model which measures the" implicit tax/subsidy rate on work after age 55 through this system. I find that workers, there are modest taxes on work through age 64, that rise to fairly high levels thereafter. But" these taxes are substantially lower for single workers, since they do not have wives eligible for" means-tested transfers, and for workers with substantial other sources of income is not at all eligible for means-tested transfers.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w6308.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6308.

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Date of creation: Dec 1997
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Publication status: Published as "Social Security and Retirement: An International Comparison" , American Economic Review, Vol. 88, no. 2 (May 1998): 158-163.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6308
Note: AG PE LS
Contact details of provider: Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
Phone: 617-868-3900
Web page: http://www.nber.orgEmail:


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  1. Peter Diamond & Jonathan Gruber, 1997. "Social Security and Retirement in the U.S," NBER Working Papers 6097, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1999. "How do retirement tests affect the labour supply of older men?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 27-51, January.
  3. Baker, Michael & Benjamin, Dwayne, 1999. "Early Retirement Provisions and the Labor Force Behavior of Older Men: Evidence from Canada," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages 724-56, October.
  4. Jonathan Gruber, 2000. "Disability Insurance Benefits and Labor Supply," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(6), pages 1162-1183, December.
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