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Men, Women, and Addiction: The Case of Cigarette Smoking

  • Frank J. Chaloupka

Cigarette demand equations, derived from the Becker-Murphy model of rational addictive behavior, are estimated separately for men and women. These demand equations account for the reinforcement, tolerance, and withdrawal factors characterizing addictive consumption. Results obtained from these demand equations support the hypothesis that cigarette smoking is an addictive behavior. Particularly interesting are the findings that men are responsive to changes in the price of cigarettes, with a long run price elasticity centered on -0.60, while women are virtually unresponsive to price changes. Men, however, are found to behave more myopically than women.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w3267.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 3267.

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Date of creation: Feb 1990
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:3267
Note: HE
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  1. Atkinson, A B & Skegg, J L, 1973. "Anti-Smoking Publicity and the Demand for Tobacco in the U.K," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 41(3), pages 265-82, September.
  2. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy, 1986. "A Theory of Rational Addiction," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 41, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  3. Gary S. Becker & Michael Grossman & Kevin M. Murphy, 1990. "An Empirical Analysis of Cigarette Addiction," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 61, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  4. Frank J. Chaloupka, 1990. "Rational Addictive Behavior and Cigarette Smoking," NBER Working Papers 3268, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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