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The Deregulation of the Private Equity Markets and the Decline in IPOs

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Listed:
  • Michael Ewens
  • Joan Farre-Mensa

Abstract

The deregulation of securities laws—in particular the National Securities Markets Improvement Act (NSMIA) of 1996—has increased the supply of private capital to late-stage private startups, which are now able to grow to a size that few private firms used to reach. NSMIA is one of a number of factors that have changed the going-public versus staying-private trade-off, helping bring about a new equilibrium where fewer startups go public, and those that do are older. This new equilibrium does not reflect an IPO market failure. Rather, founders are using their increased bargaining power vis-a-vis investors to stay private longer.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Ewens & Joan Farre-Mensa, 2019. "The Deregulation of the Private Equity Markets and the Decline in IPOs," NBER Working Papers 26317, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:26317
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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