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On the Interest Rate Elasticity of the Demand for International Reserves: Some Evidence from Developing Coutries

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  • Sebastian Edwards

Abstract

Contrary to what is suggested by the theory, most empirical studies on the demand for international reserves have failed to find a significant(negative) coefficient for the opportunity cost of holding reserves. In this paper it is argued that the reason for this is that the opportunity cost of holding international reserves has been measured incorrectly. In the empirical analysis presented in this paper the spread between the interest rate at which countries can borrow from abroad and LIBOR is used as a proxy for the net opportunity cost for holding reserves. The results obtained using data for a group of developing countries for 1976-198O show that when this net opportunity cost is used, the regression coefficient is significantly negative.

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  • Sebastian Edwards, 1985. "On the Interest Rate Elasticity of the Demand for International Reserves: Some Evidence from Developing Coutries," NBER Working Papers 1532, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:1532
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    1. von Furstenberg, George M., 1982. "New estimates of the demand for non-gold reserves under floating exchange rates," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 81-95, January.
    2. Grubel, Herbert G, 1971. "The Demand for International Reserves: A Critical Review of the Literature," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 1148-1166, December.
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    4. Harberger, Arnold C, 1980. "Vignettes on the World Capital Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 331-337, May.
    5. Edwards, Sebastian, 1980. "A note on the dynamic adjustment of the demand for international reserves by LDC's," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 71-74.
    6. Michael R. Darby, 1983. "The United States as an Exogenous Source of World Inflation under the Bretton Woods System," NBER Chapters, in: The International Transmission of Inflation, pages 478-490, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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