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Stabilization Policies in the World Economy: Scope and Skepticism


  • Jeffrey Sachs


Throughout the industrialized world, macroeconomic performance since the mid-1970s has been very poor, and the prospects in the near term remain bleak. While there is no consensus among macroeconomists regarding the diagnosis (or cure) of these ills, the major competing schools of thought have focused most of their blame on macroeconomic policy. This paper summarizes a series of studies, in collaboration with Michael Bruno, suggesting rather that supply shocks coupled with real wage rigidities are a central source of the poor macroeconomic performance. Various hypotheses are mentioned as a source for the resistance to real wage cuts, and some illustrations of the policy implications of supply shocks are provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeffrey Sachs, 1982. "Stabilization Policies in the World Economy: Scope and Skepticism," NBER Working Papers 0862, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:0862
    Note: ITI IFM

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. D. Grubb & R. Jackman & R. Layard, 1982. "Causes of the Current Stagflation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 49(5), pages 707-730.
    2. Grossman, Sanford J & Hart, Oliver D, 1981. "Implicit Contracts, Moral Hazard, and Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 301-307, May.
    3. Martin Neil Baily, 1981. "Productivity and the Services of Capital and Labor," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 12(1), pages 1-66.
    4. Morley, R, 1979. "Profit, Relative Prices and Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(355), pages 582-600, September.
    5. Irving B. Kravis & Robert E. Lipsey, 1981. "Prices and Terms of Trade for Developed-Country Exports of Manufactured Goods," NBER Working Papers 0774, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. McDonald, Ian M & Solow, Robert M, 1981. "Wage Bargaining and Employment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(5), pages 896-908, December.
    7. Phelps, Edmund S, 1978. "Commodity-Supply Shock and Full-Employment Monetary Policy," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 10(2), pages 206-221, May.
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