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Gender Role Attitude and Female Labor Force Participation: A case study of İzmir


  • Deger Eryar

    (Izmir University of Economics)

  • Hasan Tekguc

    (Mardin Artuklu Univeristy)


The aim of this paper is to explore the significance of gender role attitude among the other socio-economic determinants of female labor force participation rate. This paper employs a recent household labor market survey that was conducted in Izmir during the summer of 2010 covering 9,756 individuals. Our initial findings based on logit estimations indicate that the gender role attitude associated with the job market behavior of the mother is an important determinant of female labor force participation. However, the same effect loses its significance once we control for women’s own job experience. This result suggests that although the gender role attitude associated with the job market behavior of the mother can induce women to participate in the labor market initially, the same attitude can change by women’s own experience in the job market and affect labor force participation rate adversely. The results of this paper are also robust when the sample is disaggregated by education in order to account for the difference between less and more educated women in the labor market.

Suggested Citation

  • Deger Eryar & Hasan Tekguc, 2012. "Gender Role Attitude and Female Labor Force Participation: A case study of İzmir," Working Papers 2012-04, Mardin Artuklu Univeristy, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:mrd:martwp:2012-04

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cem Baslevent & Ozlem Onaran, 2003. "Are Married Women in Turkey More Likely to Become Added or Discouraged Workers?," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 17(3), pages 439-458, September.
    2. Lídia Farré & Francis Vella, 2013. "The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Role Attitudes and its Implications for Female Labour Force Participation," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 80(318), pages 219-247, April.
    3. İpek İlkkaracan, 2012. "Why so Few Women in the Labor Market in Turkey?," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 1-37, January.
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    More about this item


    labor force participation; Turkey; gender;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General


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