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Access to Health Care and the Out-of-Pocket Burden of the European Elderly

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  • Veronika Krutilova

    () (Research Centre, Faculty of Business and Economics, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, 61300 Brno)

Abstract

Provision of access to health care is a desirable feature of health care systems. Access to health care is caused to be restricted whether out-of-pocket burden is too high. The paper focuses on the European elderly with restricted access to health care and evaluates their health care burden and determines factors affecting the burden. The data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe from the fifth wave is used. The methods of descriptive and multivariate analysis are applied. A linear regression model with a bootstrapped method is used. The results showed that inequalities in access to health care exist. Unmet need is a critical issue in Estonia and Italy. The highest burden is found in Estonia, Italy and Belgium. Chronic diseases and limitation in activities significantly contributes to health care burden. Expenditure on drugs, outpatient and nursing care have a significant effect on the burden. The effect is found to be insignificant for inpatient care. Income and the employment status is a preventing factor.

Suggested Citation

  • Veronika Krutilova, 2016. "Access to Health Care and the Out-of-Pocket Burden of the European Elderly," MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics 2016-60, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:men:wpaper:60_2016
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yardim, Mahmut Saadi & Cilingiroglu, Nesrin & Yardim, Nazan, 2010. "Catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment in Turkey," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 94(1), pages 26-33, January.
    2. Hopkins, Sandra & Cumming, Jacqueline, 2001. "The impact of changes in private health expenditure on New Zealand households," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 58(3), pages 215-229, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    elderly; unmet need; health care; out-of-pocket payments; access to health care; health care burden; SHARE.;

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination

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