Gender-Bias in Intrahousehold Allocation: The Importance of Household Fixed Effects
This paper presents an analysis of gender patters in an intra-household allocation of resources based on household level consumption data. Invoking the assumption that households seek to equalize the marginal utility of expenditures when they allocate resources over the life-cycle, the paper provides a rationale for parental behaviour pertaining to the intertemporal allocation of goods among children. Estimation results based on panel data from india show that controlling for the unobserved household fixed effects is of crucial importance. Once allowance is made for fixed effects, the results indicate that there is no gender-bias in the allocation of resources.
|Date of creation:||Apr 1992|
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- Pitt, Mark M & Rosenzweig, Mark R & Hassan, Md Nazmul, 1990.
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7515, University of Minnesota, Economic Development Center.
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- Browning, Martin, 1992. "Children and Household Economic Behavior," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1434-75, September.
- Haddad, L. & Hoddinott, J., 1991. "Gender Aspects of Household Expenditures and Resource Allocation in the Cote d'Ivoire," Economics Series Working Papers 99112, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
- Behrman, Jere R & Pollak, Robert A & Taubman, Paul, 1982. "Parental Preferences and Provision for Progeny," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(1), pages 52-73, February.
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