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Geographische Restrukturierung internationaler Wertschöpfungsketten Standortentscheidungen von KMU aus regionalökonomischer Perspektive

  • Jan Kranich

    ()

    (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

  • Ingrid Ott

    ()

    (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

Die ökonomischen Implikationen einer verstärkten Migration deutscher Unternehmen nach Osteuropa und Asien werden derzeit intensiv diskutiert. Wichtige wirtschaftliche Akteure sind KMU des verarbeitenden Gewerbes, die zum einen Elemente komplexer Wertschöpfungsketten bilden, zum anderen häufig durch Produktdifferenzierung die Märkte jeder Lieferstufe gestalten. Das vorliegende Papier soll in dieser Diskussion einen Beitrag aus Sicht der Neuen Ökonomischen Geographie leisten. In einem partialanalytischen Modell wird untersucht, welchen Einfluss das Spannungsfeld von Produktions- und Transportkosten auf die Standortwahl der Unternehmen ausübt und welche Parameterkonstellationen industrielle Agglomeration fördern bzw. behindern. In diesem Zuge wird das Modell von Venables (1996) um standortdifferenzierte Technologien erweitert und im Rahmen einer Simulation auf Unternehmen des metallerzeugenden und -verarbeitenden Gewerbes übertragen.

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Paper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 19.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: 17 Feb 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:19
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  1. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 691-751, September.
  2. Venables, Anthony J, 1993. "Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked Industries," CEPR Discussion Papers 802, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Richard E. Baldwin & Joseph F. Francois & Richard Portes, 1997. "The costs and benefits of eastern enlargement: the impact on the EU and central Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 12(24), pages 125-176, 04.
  4. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-99, June.
  5. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
  6. Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262561476, June.
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