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The Social Status of Vocational Education and Training in Switzerland

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Abstract

This paper analyses how the social status of vocational education and training (VET) in Switzerland has changed over time and how it differs across population groups. The applied measure for the social status of VET compares the cognitive abilities (measured by PISA scores) of prospective students in a VET programme to those in an academic baccalaureate programme. The results suggest that the social status of VET has remained constant between 2000 and 2012. The social status of VET is higher for women than for men, in rural than in urban areas, and for students with a parent born in Switzerland than for those with immigrant parents. In contrast, the social status of VET is independent of parents’ education. Surprisingly, we find that the social status of VET is higher in the French- and Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland than in the German-speaking one. The reason is that prospective baccalaureate students have higher average abilities in the German part, while prospective VET students have about the same abilities in the German and French parts.

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  • Thomas Bolli & Ladina Rageth & Ursula Renold, 2019. "The Social Status of Vocational Education and Training in Switzerland," KOF Working papers 19-451, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:kof:wpskof:19-451
    DOI: 10.3929/ethz-b-000323964
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3929/ethz-b-000323964
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    1. Misbah Tanveer Choudhry & Enrico Marelli & Marcello Signorelli, 2012. "Youth unemployment rate and impact of financial crises," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 33(1), pages 76-95, March.
    2. Aurelien Abrassart & Marius R. Busemeyer & Maria A. Cattaneo & Stefan C. Wolter, 2017. "Do migrants prefer academic to vocational education? The role of rational factors vs. social status considerations in the formation of attitudes toward a particular type of education in Switzerland," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0128, University of Zurich, Department of Business Administration (IBW).
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    Keywords

    social status; education programmes; vocational education and training; apprenticeship; educational choices;

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