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Social value orientation and capitalism in societies

Author

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  • Shibly Shahrier

    (School of Economics and Management, Kochi University of Technology)

  • Koji Kotani

    () (School of Economics and Management, Kochi University of Technology)

  • Makoto Kakinaka

    (International University of Japan)

Abstract

Cooperation and competition are the core issues in economics and biology since they are claimed to affect evolution for human societies and ecological organization. Therefore, there has been a long-standing debate of whether nature or nurture curves people's social preference. We hypothesize that the degree of capitalism in societies influences evolution of people’s value orientation, i.e., the degree of competitiveness in societies characterizes people's social preference. To test this hypothesis, we implemented field experiments of social value orientation and questionnaire surveys with 1000 respondents in the three different fields of Bangladesh: (i) rural, (ii) transitional and (iii) capitalistic societies. The analysis reveals that as society becomes capitalistic, people are likely to be less prosocial. A considerable proportion of "unidentified" people, neither proself nor prosocial, are found in transitional societies, implying a potential existence of unstable states in people's social preference during a transformation from the rural to the capitalistic. We have also found that having an additional child makes people individualistic, females' social preferences are more deterministic than males'ones, and people become more competitive with age and education. These results imply that some important problems such as climate change or sustainability, where "cooperation" rather than "competition" is necessary, shall be more endangered as societies become capitalistic.

Suggested Citation

  • Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani & Makoto Kakinaka, 2016. "Social value orientation and capitalism in societies," Working Papers SDES-2016-1, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Feb 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:kch:wpaper:sdes-2016-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Harbaugh, William T & Krause, Kate, 2000. "Children's Altruism in Public Good and Dictator Experiments," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 38(1), pages 95-109, January.
    2. Brosig-Koch, Jeannette & Helbach, Christoph & Ockenfels, Axel & Weimann, Joachim, 2011. "Still different after all these years: Solidarity behavior in East and West Germany," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(11), pages 1373-1376.
    3. Ockenfels, Axel & Weimann, Joachim, 1999. "Types and patterns: an experimental East-West-German comparison of cooperation and solidarity," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 275-287, February.
    4. William Harbaugh & Kate Krause, 2000. "Children's altruism in public good and dictator experiments," Artefactual Field Experiments 00054, The Field Experiments Website.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kenta Tanaka & Keisaku Higashida & Arvin Vista & Anton Setyo Nugroho & Budi Muhamad Ruslan, 2016. "Do resource depletion experiences affect social cooperative preferences? Analysis using field experimental data on fishers in the Philippines and Indonesia," Discussion Paper Series 143, School of Economics, Kwansei Gakuin University, revised Jun 2016.
    2. Yoshinori Nakagawa & Koji Kotani & Mika Matsumoto & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2017. "Intergenerational retrospective viewpoints and individual prefe ences of policies for future: A deliberative experiment for forest management," Working Papers SDES-2017-24, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Nov 2017.
    3. Junichi Hirose & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa, 2019. "Human-induced or nature-induced climate change? Impact of the perception gap on the cooperation," Working Papers SDES-2019-15, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Dec 2019.
    4. John C. Boik, 2016. "Optimality of Social Choice Systems: Complexity, Wisdom, and Wellbeing Centrality," Working Paper 0005, Principled Societies Project, revised Mar 2017.
    5. Raja Timilsina & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2018. "Does deliberation change individual opinions and hence resolve the intergenerational sustainability dilemma in societies?," Working Papers SDES-2018-7, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Oct 2018.
    6. Mostafa Elsayedshahen & Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani, 2019. "Happiness, generativity and social preferences in a developing country," Working Papers SDES-2019-8, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Jul 2019.
    7. Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2017. "Intergenerational sustainability dilemma and a potential solution: Future ahead and back mechanism," Working Papers SDES-2017-9, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Aug 2017.
    8. Yayan Hernuryadin & Koji Kotani & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2020. "Time Preferences of Food Producers: Does “Cultivate and Grow” Matter?," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 96(1), pages 132-148.
    9. Yayan Hernuryadin & Koji Kotani & Yoshio Kamijo, 2019. "Time Preferences between Individuals and Groups in the Transition from Hunter-Gatherer to Industrial Societies," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(2), pages 1-21, January.
    10. Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani & Makoto Kakinaka, 2017. "Religiosity may not be a panacea: Importance of prosociality to maintain humanitarian donations," Working Papers SDES-2017-23, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Nov 2017.
    11. Walker A. Wright, 2018. "Is Commerce Good for the Soul? An Empirical Assessment," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(3), pages 422-433, October.
    12. Zhang Jingchao & Koji Kotani & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2017. "Social value orientation and topography in urbanization: A case of Beijing, China," Working Papers SDES-2017-21, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Oct 2017.
    13. Junichi Hirose & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa, 2020. "Is climate change induced by humans? The impact of the gap in perceptions on cooperation," Working Papers SDES-2020-2, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised May 2020.
    14. Raja R Timilsina & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2019. "Intragenerational deliberation and intergenerational sustainability dilemma," Working Papers SDES-2019-14, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Dec 2019.
    15. Batara Surya & Hadijah Hadijah & Seri Suriani & Baharuddin Baharuddin & A. Tenri Fitriyah & Firman Menne & Emil Salim Rasyidi, 2020. "Spatial Transformation of a New City in 2006–2020: Perspectives on the Spatial Dynamics, Environmental Quality Degradation, and Socio—Economic Sustainability of Local Communities in Makassar City, Ind," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(9), pages 1-50, September.
    16. Raja Timilsina & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa & Tatsuyoshi Saijo Saijo, 2017. "Can deliberative democracy resolve intergenerational sustainability dilemma?," Working Papers SDES-2017-20, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Oct 2017.
    17. Mst Asma Khatun & Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani, 2020. "Cooperation and cognition gaps for salinity: A field experiment of information provision," Working Papers SDES-2020-4, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Jun 2020.
    18. Raja R. Timilsina & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2018. "Concerns for future generations in societies: A deliberative analysis on intergenerational sustainability dilemma," Working Papers SDES-2018-16, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Nov 2018.
    19. Mostafa E. Shahen & Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani, 2019. "Happiness, Generativity and Social Preferences in a Developing Country: A Possibility of Future Design," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(19), pages 1-17, September.
    20. John C. Boik, 2020. "Science-Driven Societal Transformation, Part III: Design," Working Paper 0012, Principled Societies Project.
    21. Raja Rajendra Timilsima & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2019. "Accountability as a resolution for intergenerational sustainability dilemma," Working Papers SDES-2019-2, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Apr 2019.

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    Keywords

    Social value orientation; capitalism; field experiments;

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