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Dynamic strategic complements in two stage, 2x2 games

Author

Listed:
  • Yue Feng

    (School of Business, Nanjing University, China and Center for Post-Doctoral Studies, Bank of Nanjing, China)

  • Tarun Sabarwal

    (Department of Economics, University of Kansas)

Abstract

Strategic complements are well understood for normal form games, but less so for extensive form games. There is some evidence that extensive form games with strategic complementarities are a very restrictive class of games (Echenique (2004)). We study necessary and sufficient conditions for strategic complements (defined as increasing best responses) in two stage, 2x2 games. We find that the restrictiveness imposed by quasi-supermodularity and single crossing property is particularly severe, in the sense that the set of games in which payoffs satisfy these conditions has measure zero. Payoffs with these conditions require the player to be indifferent between their actions in two of the four subgames in stage two, eliminating any strategic role for their actions in these two subgames. In contrast, the set of games that exhibit strategic complements (increasing best responses) has infinite measure. This enlarges the scope of strategic complements in two stage, 2x2 games (and provides a basis for possibly greater scope in more general games). The set of subgame perfect Nash equilibria in the larger class of games continues to remain a nonempty, complete lattice. The results are easy to apply, and are robust to including dual payoff conditions and adding a third player. Examples with several motivations are included.

Suggested Citation

  • Yue Feng & Tarun Sabarwal, 2020. "Dynamic strategic complements in two stage, 2x2 games," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 202006, University of Kansas, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kan:wpaper:202006
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    File URL: http://www2.ku.edu/~kuwpaper/2020Papers/202006.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Tarun Sabarwal & Hoa VuXuan, 2018. "Two Stage 2 × 2 Games With Strategic Substitutes and Strategic Heterogeneity," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 201902, University of Kansas, Department of Economics.
    2. Roy, Sunanda & Sabarwal, Tarun, 2010. "Monotone comparative statics for games with strategic substitutes," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(5), pages 793-806, September.
    3. Balbus, Łukasz & Reffett, Kevin & Woźny, Łukasz, 2014. "A constructive study of Markov equilibria in stochastic games with strategic complementarities," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 815-840.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Strategic complements; extensive form game; two stage game;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C60 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - General
    • C70 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - General

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