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Die Erbschaftssteuer im Modell der optimalen Besteuerung

  • Johann K. Brunner

Ausgehend vom bekannten Resultat von Atkinson und Stiglitz kommt man im Standardmodell der optimalen Besteuerung zum Schluss, dass eine Erbschaftssteuer ebenso wie andere indirekte Steuern keine Funktion hat, wenn eine optimale nichtlineare Einkommensteuer eingehoben wird. Beruecksichtigt man zusaezlich, dass Vererben (Schenken) einen positiven externen Effekt fuer die Empfaeger mit sich bringt, erweist sich eine Subvention statt einer Steuer als optimal. Im Standardmodell wird jedoch die durch den Vererbungsprozess entstehende Ungleichheit der Anfangsausstattungen vernachl‰ssigt. Bezieht man diese mit ein, so hat eine (marginale) Umschichtung von der Einkommensteuer zur Erbschaftssteuer oder zu einer allgemeinen Ausgabensteuer einen positiven Effekt auf die soziale Wohlfahrt.

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Paper provided by The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria in its series NRN working papers with number 2010-18.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:jku:nrnwps:2010_18
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  1. Mikhail Golosov & Narayana Kocherlakota & Aleh Tsyvinski, 2002. "Optimal Indirect and Capital Taxation," NajEcon Working Paper Reviews 391749000000000449, www.najecon.org.
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  4. Guesnerie, Roger & Seade, Jesus, 1982. "Nonlinear pricing in a finite economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 157-179, March.
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  6. Kaplow, Louis, 2006. "On the undesirability of commodity taxation even when income taxation is not optimal," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(6-7), pages 1235-1250, August.
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  8. MICHEL, Philippe & PESTIEAU, Pierre, 2001. "Fiscal policy in a growth model with bequest-as-consumption," CORE Discussion Papers 2001009, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  10. CREMER, Helmuth & PESTIEAU, Pierre & ROCHET, Jean-Charles, 2001. "Capital income taxation when inherited wealth is not observable," CORE Discussion Papers 2001020, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  11. Atkinson, A. B. & Stiglitz, J. E., 1976. "The design of tax structure: Direct versus indirect taxation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1-2), pages 55-75.
  12. David Joulfaian, 2006. "Inheritance and Saving," NBER Working Papers 12569, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  14. Tomes, Nigel, 1981. "The Family, Inheritance, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 928-58, October.
  15. Emmanuel Farhi & Iván Werning, 2010. "Progressive Estate Taxation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 125(2), pages 635-673, May.
  16. Johann K. Brunner & Susanne Pech, 2008. "Optimum Taxation of Inheritances," CESifo Working Paper Series 2319, CESifo Group Munich.
  17. Martin Kohli & Harald Künemund & Andrea Schäfer & Jürgen Schupp & Claudia Vogel, 2006. "Erbschaften und ihr Einfluss auf die Vermögensverteilung," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 75(1), pages 58-76.
  18. Masson, A. & Pestieau, P., 1996. "Bequests motives and models of inheritance: a survey of the literature," DELTA Working Papers 96-20, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
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