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Impact of product-related environmental regulations in Asia : descriptive statistics from a survey of firms in Vietnam


  • Michida, Etsuyo
  • Nabeshima, Kaoru
  • Ueki, Yasushi


This paper summarizes the main results of a unique firm survey conducted in Vietnam in 2011 on product-related environmental regulations (PRERs). The results of this survey are compared with the results of a corresponding survey of firms in Penang, Malaysia (Michida, et al. 2014b). The major findings are as follows. First, adaptation to PRERs involves changes in input procurement and results in market diversification, which potentially alters the structure of supply chains. This finding is consistent with the Malaysian survey result. Second, connections to global supply chains are key to compliance, but this requires firms to meet more stringent customer requirements. Third, government policy can play an important role in assisting firms to comply with PRERs.

Suggested Citation

  • Michida, Etsuyo & Nabeshima, Kaoru & Ueki, Yasushi, 2014. "Impact of product-related environmental regulations in Asia : descriptive statistics from a survey of firms in Vietnam," IDE Discussion Papers 466, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper466

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ramungul, Nudjarin & Michida, Etsuyo & Nabeshima, Kaoru, 2013. "Impact of product-related environmental regulations / voluntary requirements on Thai firms," IDE Discussion Papers 383, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    2. Pham Thi Hong Hanh, 2011. "Does WTO accession matter for the dynamics of foreign direct investment and trade?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 19(2), pages 255-285, April.
    3. Chen, Sau Soon & Mohd, Helme bin Mohd Helan & Zanariah, Ujang & Michida, Etsuyo & Nabeshima, Kaoru, 2014. "Role of laboratories for adapting product-related environmental regulations (PRERs)," IDE Discussion Papers 452, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    4. Michida, Etsuyo, 2014. "The policy impact of product-related environmental regulations in Asia," IDE Discussion Papers 451, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    5. Chi Song & Heping Zhang, 2014. "Discussion," International Statistical Review, International Statistical Institute, vol. 82(3), pages 359-361, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Vietnam; Environmental protection; Industrial standards; Foreign investments; International trade; Statistics; Global supply chain; FDI; PRERs (product-related environmental regulations); REACH; RoHS;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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