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Real Wages and the Business Cycle in Germany

  • Marczak, Martyna


    (University of Hohenheim)

  • Beissinger, Thomas


    (University of Hohenheim)

This paper establishes stylized facts about the cyclicality of real consumer wages and real producer wages in Germany. As detrending methods we apply the deterministic trend model, the Beveridge-Nelson decomposition, the Hodrick-Prescott filter, the Baxter-King filter and the structural time series model. The detrended data are analyzed both in the time domain and in the frequency domain. The great advantage of an analysis in the frequency domain is that it allows to assess the relative importance of particular frequencies for the behavior of real wages. In the time domain we find that both real wages display a procyclical pattern and lag behind the business cycle. In the frequency domain the consumer real wage lags behind the business cycle and shows an anticyclical behavior for shorter time periods, whereas for longer time spans a procyclical behavior can be observed. However, for the producer real wage the results in the frequency domain remain inconclusive.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5199.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Empirical Economics, 2013, 44 (2), 469-490
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5199
Contact details of provider: Postal: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
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Order Information: Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

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  1. Croux, Christophe & Forni, Mario & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 1999. "A Measure of Comovement for Economic Variables: Theory and Empirics," CEPR Discussion Papers 2339, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  29. Robert Hart & James Malley & Ulrich Woitek, 2009. "Real earnings and business cycles: new evidence," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 37(1), pages 51-71, September.
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