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Child-Care and Participation in the Labor Market for Married Women in Mediterranean Countries

  • Nicodemo, Catia

    ()

    (University of Oxford)

  • Waldmann, Robert

    ()

    (University of Rome Tor Vergata)

Parents in the labor force have balance their work and home life, including the choice of the type of care to provide for their children while they work. In this paper we study the connection between the married women's labor force participation, child care arrangements and the time that husbands and wives spent to take care of children in Mediterranean countries. As more women now are in the labor force the interest in the use child care and housework of husband have grown. We use the new database from the EU-SILC (European Survey on Income and Living Conditions) in 2006 and data from the ECHP (European Community Household Panel)in 2001, because these two data-set give us different information about child care and housework. The traditional role of mothers in child care activities is highly valued by many families, especially in Southern European countries. The results show that while Mediterranean countries have advanced in the incorporation of women into the labor market, most of them still have to assume total responsibility for housework and the care of the children. Child care arrangements is an important instrument for women to enter in paid employment.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3983.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3983
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  1. Di Tommaso, Maria Laura, 1999. "A Trivariate Model of Participation, Fertility and Wages: The Italian Case," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(5), pages 623-40, September.
  2. Joshua D. Angrist & William N. Evans, 1996. "Children and Their Parents' Labor Supply: Evidence from Exogenous Variation in Family Size," NBER Working Papers 5778, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Ribar, D.C., 1993. "A Structural Model of Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women," Papers 5-93-1, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
  4. Cristina Carrasco & Arantxa RodrIguez, 2000. "Women, Families, and Work in Spain: Structural Changes and New Demands," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 45-57.
  5. Blau, David M & Robins, Philip K, 1988. "Child-Care Costs and Family Labor Supply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(3), pages 374-81, August.
  6. Begoña Álvarez & Daniel Miles, 2006. "Husbands’ housework time: does wives’ paid employment make a difference?," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 30(1), pages 5-31, January.
  7. Windmeijer, F A G & Silva, J M C Santos, 1997. "Endogeneity in Count Data Models: An Application to Demand for Health Care," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 281-94, May-June.
  8. David Blau & PhiliP Robins, 1998. "A dynamic analysis of turnover in employment and child care," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 35(1), pages 83-96, February.
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