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The Economic Impact of Immigration in Greece: Taking Stock of the Existing Evidence


  • Cholezas, Ioannis

    () (University of Peloponnese)

  • Tsakloglou, Panos

    () (Athens University of Economics and Business)


Greece was traditionally an emigration country. However, since the early 1990s it became an immigrant destination and nowadays up to a tenth of the population are immigrants, mainly from neighbouring Balkan countries and, especially, Albania. This large scale immigration within a short time period had important social, as well as, economic consequences. The paper reviews the existing evidence and concludes that on average the economic effects of immigration were beneficial, although their distributional consequences were adverse. Greek immigration policy was haphazard and more efforts are needed in order to integrate the immigrants in the economic and social fabric of the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Cholezas, Ioannis & Tsakloglou, Panos, 2008. "The Economic Impact of Immigration in Greece: Taking Stock of the Existing Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 3754, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3754

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lianos, T.P., 1999. "Illegal Migrants to Greece and their Choice of Destination," DEOS Working Papers 111, Athens University of Economics and Business.
    2. Glytsos, Nicholas & Katseli, Louka Tarsitsa, 1986. "Theoretical and Empirical Determinants of International Labour Mobility: A Greek-German Perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers 148, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Michael Demoussis & N. Giannakopoulos & S. Zografakis, 2010. "Native-immigrant wage differentials and occupational segregation in the Greek labour market," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(8), pages 1015-1027.
    4. Salavrakos, Ioannis-Dionysios & Petrochilos, George A., 2003. "An assessment of the Greek entrepreneurial activity in the Black Sea area (1989-2000): causes and prospects," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 331-349, July.
    5. Stoian, Carmen & Filippaios, Fragkiskos, 2008. "Dunning's eclectic paradigm: A holistic, yet context specific framework for analysing the determinants of outward FDI: Evidence from international Greek investments," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 349-367, June.
    6. Alexander H. Sarris & Stavros Zografakis, 1999. "A computable general equilibrium assessment of the impact of illegal immigration on the Greek economy," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 12(1), pages 155-182.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Irregular Immigration in the EU
      by Jonathon Kitson in Adam Smith Institute on 2016-03-14 18:45:37


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    Cited by:

    1. Maria Vlachadi & Efstratia Tzima & Katerina Datseri, 2014. "Immigrants in the Working Environment," Eurasian Journal of Social Sciences, Eurasian Publications, vol. 2(2), pages 37-44.
    2. Jennifer Cavounidis, 2013. "Migration and the Economic and Social Landscape of Greece," South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, Association of Economic Universities of South and Eastern Europe and the Black Sea Region, vol. 11(1), pages 59-78.
    3. Nick Drydakis, 2013. "The effect of ethnic identity on the employment of immigrants," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 285-308, June.
    4. Chletsos, Michael & Roupakias, Stelios, 2012. "Immigration, Unemployment and Growth: Empirical Evidence from Greece," MPRA Paper 39861, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Chletsos, Michael & Roupakias, Stelios, 2012. "The impact of immigration on the greek labor market," MPRA Paper 39872, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Drydakis, Nick, 2011. "Ethnic Identity and Immigrants' Wages in Greece," IZA Discussion Papers 6078, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item


    immigration; Greece;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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