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The Effect of Benefits on Single Motherhood in Europe

Author

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  • Gonzalez, Libertad

    () (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

Abstract

This paper uses data from the eight waves of the European Community Household Panel (1994-2001) to estimate the impact of welfare benefits on the incidence of single motherhood and headship among young women across European countries. The regressions include country fixed effects as well as time trends that are allowed to vary by country, to account for fixed and trending unmeasured factors that could influence both benefit levels and family formation. The analysis also accounts for individual characteristics and labor market conditions. The results suggest that benefit levels have a small but significant positive effect on the prevalence of single mothers. An increase in yearly benefits of 1,000 euros is estimated to increase the incidence of single mother families by about 2 percent.

Suggested Citation

  • Gonzalez, Libertad, 2006. "The Effect of Benefits on Single Motherhood in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 2026, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2026
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. J. Gimenez-Nadal & Jose Molina & Almudena Sevilla-Sanz, 2012. "Social norms, partnerships and children," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 215-236, June.
    2. Gimenez-Nadal, J. Ignacio & Molina, José Alberto & Sevilla, Almudena, 2007. "Household Division of Labor, Partnerships and Children: Evidence from Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 2884, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    welfare benefits; single mothers;

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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