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Assessing the tendency of Spanish manufacturing industries to cluster: Co-localization and establishment size


  • Marta Casanova

    () (Dpto. Economía)

  • Vicente Orts Ríos

    (Dpt. Economia)


In this paper, we use a distance-based method, specifically the Ripley’s K function, to evaluate the spatial location patterns of Spanish manufacturing establishments and to assess the different tendencies to cluster in each sector or subsector relative to the whole of manufacturing. Specifically, we analyse the role played by the size of establishments in determining the location patterns detected in each sector, and the co-localization between horizontally- and verticallylinked industries to assess the importance of the potential spillovers across industries. We apply this methodology to Spanish manufacturing industries at the two-digit and the four-digit levels. Considering four digits of disaggregation allows us to isolate the different behaviour in the spatialdistribution of each subsector as well as prevent the effects of compensation due to previous aggregation. En este trabajo se utiliza un método basado en la distancia, específicamente la función K de Ripley, para analizar los patrones de localización espacial de los establecimientos manufactureros españoles y evaluar las diferentes tendencias a concentrarse de cada sector o subsector en relación con el conjunto de la industria manufacturera. En concreto, se analiza el papel que desempeña el tamaño de los establecimientos en la determinación de los patrones de localización detectados en cada sector. Así mismo, se evalúa la importancia de los spillovers potenciales entre las diferentes industrias o subsectores mediante un análisis de la tendencia a la co-localización entre empresas de industrias relacionadas horizontal y verticalmente. Aplicamos esta metodología a las industrias manufactureras españolas con un nivel de desagregación de dos y cuatro dígitos CNAE. El hecho de considerar cuatro dígitos de desagregación nos permitedetectar las diferencias en el comportamiento de la distribución espacial de cada subsector, así como prevenir los efectos de compensación debidos a la agregación anterior.

Suggested Citation

  • Marta Casanova & Vicente Orts Ríos, 2011. "Assessing the tendency of Spanish manufacturing industries to cluster: Co-localization and establishment size," Working Papers. Serie EC 2011-03, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2011-03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ellison, Glenn & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 889-927, October.
    2. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    3. Venables, Anthony J, 1995. "Economic Integration and the Location of Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(2), pages 296-300, May.
    4. Rosenthal, Stuart S. & Strange, William C., 2001. "The Determinants of Agglomeration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 191-229, September.
    5. Devereux, Michael P. & Griffith, Rachel & Simpson, Helen, 2004. "The geographic distribution of production activity in the UK," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 533-564, September.
    6. Diego Puga, 2002. "European regional policies in light of recent location theories," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 2(4), pages 373-406, October.
    7. Wagner, Alfred, 1891. "Marshall's Principles of Economics," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 5, pages 319-338.
    8. Maurel, Francoise & Sedillot, Beatrice, 1999. "A measure of the geographic concentration in french manufacturing industries," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 575-604, September.
    9. Marius Brülhart, 2001. "Evolving geographical concentration of European manufacturing industries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 137(2), pages 215-243, June.
    10. Eric Marcon & Florence Puech, 2003. "Evaluating the geographic concentration of industries using distance-based methods," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(4), pages 409-428, October.
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    More about this item


    localización espacial; método basado en la distancia; función K de Ripley; área poligonal; desagregación; co-localización; tamaño de establecimiento. spatial location; distance-based method; Ripley’s K function; polygonal boundary; disaggregation; co-localization; establishment size.;

    JEL classification:

    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General
    • C60 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - General
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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