Competitive pressure determinants and innovation at the firm level
This paper provides empirical evidence on the relationship between indicators of competitive pressure and innovation incentives using panel data of Spanish manufacturing firms for the period 1990-2006. Instead of using standard indicators of competition, such as market concentration measures or firms’ price costs margins, we analyze a number of indicators of competitive pressure directly related to the demand and cost conditions faced by firms. We consider the likely different incentives faced by firms to undertake product innovation versus process innovation efforts, and estimate a multivariate probit model for the probability of firms to introduce product innovations, process innovations or both. Our results are consistent with the theoretical predictions of Vives (2008) for free entry. We obtain that product market substitutability, entry costs and market size significantly affect the probability to introduce product and process innovations but that the effect of these variables differs among the type of innovation. We also find different effects of competitive pressure on innovation when taking into account the efficiency level of the firm relative to the efficiency distribution within its industry.
|Date of creation:||Apr 2011|
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|Publication status:||Published by Ivie|
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- Juan A. Máñez-Castillejo & María E. Rochina-Barrachina & Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis, 2010. "Does Firm Size Affect Self-selection and Learning-by-Exporting?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 315-346, 03.
- Wörter, Martin & Rammer, Christian & Arvanitis, Spyros, 2010.
"Innovation, competition and incentives for R&D,"
ZEW Discussion Papers
10-039, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
- María Rochina-Barrachina & Juan Mañez & Juan Sanchis-Llopis, 2010. "Process innovations and firm productivity growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 147-166, February.
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