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Distribución Espacial De La Actividad Económica En La Union Europea

  • José Miguel Albert

    ()

    (Universitat Jaume I)

  • Jorge Mateu

    ()

    (Universitat Jaume I)

  • Vicente Orts

    (Universitat Jaume I)

The focus of this paper is to analyze the evolution of spatial distribution of aggregate economic activity in the European Union during the period 1980-2002. The proposed methodology has as basis to incorporate, systematically, both the distance and the spatial interdependence among the analyzed events. To do this, we use two different distance-based approaches. The first approach is just a planar index, the Index of Cluster Size, but the second seeks to fit an auto-Poisson spatial distribution function that allows us to obtain a probability model and to characterize the underlying structure of the spatial distribution of the economic activity in Europe. We use data of GDP for EU regions, at the NUTS2 and NUTS3 level, for the period 1980-2002. The results obtained in both work lines are basically the same ones, indicating that during the analyzed period, the concentration of the economic activity has been increased for the group of European considered regions, but with noticeable differences among the different countries. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la distribución espacial de la actividad económica en Europa y su evolución temporal entre los años 1980 y 2002. La metodología propuesta tiene como fundamento incorporar de forma sistemática la distancia y la interdependencia espacial entre los sucesos objeto de análisis. En concreto se han utilizado dos procedimientos, el primero consiste en un índice plano de concentración espacial muy simple, el ICS (Index of Cluster Size), el segundo se obtiene como resultado de la parametrización y estimación de una función de distribución espacial auto-Poisson, que nos permite obtener un modelo de probabilidad, y caracterizar la estructura latente de la distribución espacial de la actividad económica en Europa. Los resultados obtenidos en ambas líneas de trabajo son básicamente los mismos, indicando que durante el periodo considerado se ha incrementado la concentración de la actividad económica para el conjunto de regiones europeas consideradas, pero con diferencias notables entre los distintos países.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2007-02.pdf
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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2007-02.

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Length: 52 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2007-02
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  1. Gilles Duranton & Henry G. Overman, 2005. "Testing for Localization Using Micro-Geographic Data," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(4), pages 1077-1106.
  2. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Overman, Henry G, 2003. "The Spatial Distribution of Economic Activities in the EU," CEPR Discussion Papers 3999, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Ron Martin, 2001. "EMU versus the regions? Regional convergence and divergence in Euroland," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 51-80, January.
  4. Henry Overman & Stephen Redding & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Economic Geography of Trade, Production, and Income: A Survey of Empirics," CEP Discussion Papers dp0508, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  5. Puga, Diego, 2001. "European Regional Policies in Light of Recent Location Theories," CEPR Discussion Papers 2767, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Quah, Danny, 1996. "Regional Convergence Clusters Across Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 1286, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. J. Peter Neary, 2000. "Of Hype and Hyperbolas - Introducing the new Economic Geography," Working Papers 200019, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
  8. K.H. Midelfart & H.G. Overman & S.J. Redding & A.J. Venables, 2000. "The location of European industry," European Economy - Economic Papers 142, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  9. Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano & Diego Puga, 1998. "Agglomeration in the Global Economy: A Survey of the 'New Economic Geography'," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(6), pages 707-731, 08.
  10. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Regional convergence clusters across Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 951-958, April.
  11. Choi, E. Kwan & Harrigan, James, 2003. "Handbook of International Trade," Staff General Research Papers 11375, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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