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Stan zdrowia w Polsce - rola czynników ekonomiczno-spo³ecznych i stylu zycia.Ocena na podstawie wskaŸnika SRH i PAR

Listed author(s):
  • Wiktoria Wróblewska


    (Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.)

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    W pracy zaprezentowana zosta³a subiektywna miara stanu zdrowia populacji w postaci samooceny stanu zdrowia (SRH). Miara ta jest szeroko stosowanym w badaniach spo³ecznych wskaŸnikiem do oceny stanu zdrowia i wystêpuj¹cych nierównoœci w zdrowiu. W czêœci empirycznej dokonano analizy wp³ywu wybranych czynników na uzyskiwane za pomoc¹ SRH oceny stanu zdrowia osób w wieku 25 lat i wiêcej w Polsce. Skupiono siê na trzech grupach czynników, które charakteryzuj¹ sytuacjê spo³eczno-ekonomiczn¹, sytuacjê rodzinn¹ oraz styl zycia respondenta. Dla oszacowania wp³ywu analizowanych czynników na wystêpowanie negatywnych ocen stanu zdrowia wykorzystano analizê regresji logistycznej. Wyznaczono ponadto wskaŸnik ryzyka populacyjnego (PAR) pozwalaj¹cy na okreœlenie wzglêdnego znaczenia analizowanych zmiennych dla poprawy stanu zdrowia populacji. Podstaw¹ analizy by³y dane z dwóch badañ stanu zdrowia GUS zrealizowanego w latach 1996 oraz 2004. This paper presents self-rated health (SRH) as a right subjective measure of population health. This measure is extensively used as a indicator in social studies for evaluation of health state and health inequality. We analyzed determinants of SRH for people aged 25 and over in Poland, using data from Health Survey of 1996 and 2004. Three groups of factors were examined: socio-economic conditions, family situation and individuals’ life style. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the impact of analyzed factors over the negative assessment of health state. Additionally, we calculated population attributable risk indicator in order to asses relative contribution of the analyzed factors to the improvement in health state of the population.

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    Paper provided by Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 22.

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    Length: 20 pages
    Date of creation: 2010
    Handle: RePEc:isd:wpaper:22
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    1. Bobak, Martin & Pikhart, Hynek & Rose, Richard & Hertzman, Clyde & Marmot, Michael, 2000. "Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(9), pages 1343-1350, November.
    2. Leinsalu, Mall, 2002. "Social variation in self-rated health in Estonia: a cross-sectional study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 55(5), pages 847-861, September.
    3. Manderbacka, Kristiina & Lundberg, Olle & Martikainen, Pekka, 1999. "Do risk factors and health behaviours contribute to self-ratings of health?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 48(12), pages 1713-1720, June.
    4. McFadden, E. & Luben, R. & Bingham, S. & Wareham, N. & Kinmonth, A.-L. & Khaw, K.-T., 2009. "Does the association between self-rated health and mortality vary by social class?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 275-280, January.
    5. Kopp, Maria S. & Skrabski, Árpád & Szedmák, Sándor, 2000. "Psychosocial risk factors, inequality and self-rated morbidity in a changing society," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(9), pages 1351-1361, November.
    6. Cockerham, William C., 2000. "Health lifestyles in Russia," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(9), pages 1313-1324, November.
    7. Carlson, Per, 1998. "Self-perceived health in East and West Europe: another European health divide," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 46(10), pages 1355-1366, March.
    8. Bobak, Martin & Pikhart, Hynek & Hertzman, Clyde & Rose, Richard & Marmot, Michael, 1998. "Socioeconomic factors, perceived control and self-reported health in Russia. A cross-sectional survey," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 269-279, July.
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