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A case for institutional demand as effective social protection: supporting smallholders through procurement and food assistance programmes


  • Ryan Nehring

    () (IPC-IG)

  • Ana Carla Miranda

    () (IPC-IG)

  • Andrew Howe

    () (IPC-IG)


"This paper focuses on the rationale for state-based market interventions to support smallholder production along with some case studies that follow the evolution and impact of what we call 'institutional demand' policies. Institutional demand is an intervention that aims to improve regional markets by establishing coordinated purchases for regional distribution, primarily through local and regional food procurement (LRP). We also address the question of smallholder farmers dependency on state-based market interventions, and review existing evidence of how institutional purchase programmes have supported income generation and increased agricultural production. The paper outlines the two direct forms of social protection offered through institutional demand: reliable income generation for targeted smallholders and expanded food availability for vulnerable populations. Our hope is that this paper will outline areas for future research to analyse the impact of institutional demand policies".

Suggested Citation

  • Ryan Nehring & Ana Carla Miranda & Andrew Howe, 2017. "A case for institutional demand as effective social protection: supporting smallholders through procurement and food assistance programmes," Working Papers 157, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipc:wpaper:157

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ryan Nehring & Ben McKay, 2013. "Scaling Up Local Development Initiatives: Brazil?s Food Acquisition Programme," Working Papers 106, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    2. Barrett, Christopher B., 2008. "Smallholder market participation: Concepts and evidence from eastern and southern Africa," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 299-317, August.
    3. Stefan Dercon, 2002. "Income Risk, Coping Strategies, and Safety Nets," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 17(2), pages 141-166, September.
    4. Onumah, Gideon & Davis, Junior & Kleih, Ulrich & Proctor, Felicity, 2007. "Empowering Smallholder Farmers in Markets: Changing agricultural marketing systems and innovative responses by producer organizations," MPRA Paper 25984, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Jonathan Morduch, 1995. "Income Smoothing and Consumption Smoothing," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 103-114, Summer.
    6. World Bank & International Monetary Fund, 2012. "Global Monitoring Report 2012 : Food Prices, Nutrition, and the Millennium Development Goals," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6017, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ryan Nehring & Ana Carla Miranda & Andrew Howe, 2017. "Institutional demand: linking social protection with the power of procurement," One Pager 357, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    2. Ryan Nehring & Ana Carla Miranda & Andrew Howe, 2017. "Demanda institucional: conectando la protección social con el poder de la adquisición," One Pager Spanish 357, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.

    More about this item


    case; institutional; demand; effective; social protection; supporting; smallholders; procurement; food assistance; programmes;

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