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Bantuan Siswa Miskin (BSM): Indonesian Cash Transfer Programme for Poor Students


  • Dyah Larasati

    () (IPC-IG)

  • Fiona Howell

    () (IPC-IG)


The Government of Indonesia places a high priority on the universal provision of, and access to, education. Universal education is considered a cornerstone for future economic development and shared prosperity. Over the past decade, the Government of Indonesia has introduced a number of major reforms to make universal education a reality. In 2003, the Ministry of Education and Culture (MoEC) and the Ministry of Religious Affairs (MoRA) began implementing the Nine-Year Compulsory Basic Education Programme (Wajib Belajar Sembilan Tahun) with the aim of encouraging school-age children to complete junior secondary education. In 2005, a school-based education subsidy programme known as School Operational Assistance (Bantuan Operasional Sekolah?BOS) was introduced to provide grants directly to primary and junior secondary schools on a per student basis. The BOS grants were designed to cover direct educational costs but not indirect costs associated with education (i.e. transportation costs, uniforms etc.), which are recognised as being a major barrier to access for lower-income households. (...)

Suggested Citation

  • Dyah Larasati & Fiona Howell, 2014. "Bantuan Siswa Miskin (BSM): Indonesian Cash Transfer Programme for Poor Students," Policy Research Brief 46, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipc:pbrief:46

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    Bantuan Siswa Miskin; BSM; Indonesian; Cash Transfer Programme; Poor Students;

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