IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Poverty and agrarian distress in Orissa

Listed author(s):
  • Srijit Mishra


    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)

The relatively lower reduction of poverty in Orissa, 0.2 percentage points per annum from 48.6 in 1993-94 to 46.4 in 2004-05, has been a matter of concern. The current exercise attempts to analyse whether part of the explanation lies in the state of affairs in agriculture. An analysis for 2004-05 shows that incidence of poverty is 47 for rural and 44 for urban Orissa. The vulnerable sub-groups are southern (73 rural, 55 urban) and northern (59 rural, 43 urban) across National Sample Survey (NSS) regions, the scheduled tribes (76 rural, 65 urban) and scheduled castes (50 rural, 75 urban) across social groups, the agricultural labourers (65) and other labourers (52) in rural areas and casual labourers (56) in urban areas across household type, and marginal and small farmers (51) across size-class of land possessed in rural areas. What is even worrying is a much greater incidence of calorie poor (79 rural and 49 urban). This reflects a gap in the poverty line and the calorie that it is supposed to represent and a seeming nutritional crisis even among the groups that resorts to hard labour that includes among others marginal and small farmers and landless households - the hands that grow food. The agrarian scenario is in dire straits. Per capita per day returns from cultivation, based on the situation assessment survey of 2002-03, is less than four rupees, a pittance. What is more, in 1990s, agricultural value addition and growth in production has been negative across all crop groups and paddy production, the main crop, shows a decline in all districts. It is this poor showing in agriculture that does partly explain the slow reductions of poverty in the 1990s in Orissa. The call of the hour is people-centric planning that revives the livelihood bases of the farmers and agricultural labourers.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India in its series Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers with number 2009-006.

in new window

Length: 10 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Handle: RePEc:ind:igiwpp:2009-006
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Gen. A. K. Vaidya Marg, Goregaon (E), Mumbai 400065

Phone: (022) 840 0919/20/21
Fax: (022) 840 2752/2026
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Srijit Mishra, 2007. "Agrarian Scenario in Post-reform India:A Story of Distress, Despair and Death," Working Papers id:1019, eSocialSciences.
  2. Reddy, D. Narasimha & Mishra, Srijit (ed.), 2009. "Agrarian Crisis in India," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195695953.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ind:igiwpp:2009-006. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Shamprasad M. Pujar)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.