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Mobilizing Resources for Supporting Environmental Activities in Developing Countries: The Case of the GEF Trust Fund


  • Sebastian Miller


  • Bok-Keun Yu


Mobilizing sufficient resources is essential for supporting environmental activities in developing countries, and cofinancing is generally considered an important tool to help developing countries increase the resources they need. Moreover, cofinancing should increase ownership of projects by local authorities while improving accountability. The literature, however, has not explored why certain projects receive higher levels of cofinancing than others. This paper attempts to fill this gap by examining the cofinancing ratio and its determinants using projects financed by the GEF Trust Fund. The empirical results confirm that the rules of the fund, requiring different minimum cofinancing ratios by size and focal area of the GEF projects, do matter. Other important factors include funds’ origins (foreign vs. domestic), types of cofinancing sources (reimbursable vs. non- reimbursable) and the particular GEF agencies involved.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebastian Miller & Bok-Keun Yu, 2012. "Mobilizing Resources for Supporting Environmental Activities in Developing Countries: The Case of the GEF Trust Fund," Research Department Publications 4780, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4780

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gilles Nancy & Boriana Yontcheva, 2006. "Does NGO Aid Go to the Poor? Empirical Evidence from Europe," IMF Working Papers 06/39, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Chatterjee, Santanu & Sakoulis, Georgios & Turnovsky, Stephen J., 2003. "Unilateral capital transfers, public investment, and economic growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(6), pages 1077-1103, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Matthew J. Kotchen & Neeraj Kumar Negi, 2015. "Cofinancing in Environment and Development: Evidence from the Global Environment Facility," NBER Working Papers 21139, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General

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