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¿De qué manera la seguridad social y el ingreso repercuten en los arreglos de vida de los ancianos? Elementos de juicio de las reformas de México y Uruguay

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  • Naoko Shinkai

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Se ha demostrado que en Estados Unidos el sistema de seguridad social y otros tipos de traspasos gubernamentales han ayudado a las personas pobres de cierta edad, como por ejemplo las viudas, a vivir independientemente. En este trabajo se analiza si el apoyo financiero oficial ha contribuido a que aumente la probabilidad de que los ancianos más vulnerables también puedan vivir solos en América Latina. Se analizan específicamente los casos de México y Uruguay, países que durante los años 80 experimentaron reformas gubernamentales favorables a los ancianos más vulnerables. Se concluye que la mejora del logro educativo ha sido el factor principal que ha permitido que los ancianos pobres vivan independientemente en zonas rurales de México, no el sistema gubernamental. Por otro lado, en Uruguay, en el caso de ancianas solteras, el aumento del ingreso proveniente del sistema de seguridad social explica la mayor parte del aumento de la probabilidad de vivir por su cuenta.

Suggested Citation

  • Naoko Shinkai, 2000. "¿De qué manera la seguridad social y el ingreso repercuten en los arreglos de vida de los ancianos? Elementos de juicio de las reformas de México y Uruguay," Research Department Publications 4232, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4232
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